Skip to 0 minutes and 5 seconds[Music] [Music] [Music] we<00:00:09.320> have<00:00:09.500> taught<00:00:09.769> in<00:00:10.130> this<00:00:10.340> course<00:00:10.880> about we have taught in this course about

Skip to 0 minutes and 12 secondswe have taught in this course about sexual<00:00:12.620> and<00:00:12.740> gender-based<00:00:13.040> violence<00:00:13.910> and sexual and gender-based violence and

Skip to 0 minutes and 15 secondssexual and gender-based violence and crimes<00:00:16.309> committed<00:00:16.730> against<00:00:17.060> children crimes committed against children

Skip to 0 minutes and 18 secondscrimes committed against children so<00:00:18.550> breaches<00:00:19.550> of<00:00:19.699> humanitarian<00:00:20.300> law so breaches of humanitarian law

Skip to 0 minutes and 21 secondsso breaches of humanitarian law violations<00:00:21.619> of<00:00:21.890> human<00:00:22.640> rights<00:00:24.039> crimes violations of human rights crimes

Skip to 0 minutes and 25 secondsviolations of human rights crimes against<00:00:25.460> humanity<00:00:25.970> or<00:00:26.060> genocide<00:00:26.630> being against humanity or genocide being

Skip to 0 minutes and 27 secondsagainst humanity or genocide being committed<00:00:27.439> these<00:00:28.279> are<00:00:28.519> not<00:00:28.789> only<00:00:29.439> punctual committed these are not only punctual

Skip to 0 minutes and 30 secondscommitted these are not only punctual occasional<00:00:31.189> occurrences<00:00:31.849> they<00:00:32.630> are<00:00:32.870> the occasional occurrences they are the

Skip to 0 minutes and 34 secondsoccasional occurrences they are the evidence<00:00:33.890> of<00:00:34.580> the<00:00:34.760> structural<00:00:35.330> imbalances evidence of the structural imbalances

Skip to 0 minutes and 36 secondsevidence of the structural imbalances existing<00:00:36.920> in<00:00:37.430> a<00:00:37.579> state<00:00:38.090> in<00:00:38.300> a<00:00:38.360> society<00:00:38.660> so<00:00:39.440> the existing in a state in a society so the

Skip to 0 minutes and 40 secondsexisting in a state in a society so the criminal<00:00:40.730> law<00:00:40.820> dimensions<00:00:41.450> must<00:00:41.960> be<00:00:42.200> related criminal law dimensions must be related

Skip to 0 minutes and 43 secondscriminal law dimensions must be related to<00:00:42.739> a<00:00:43.160> broader<00:00:43.789> situation<00:00:44.690> of<00:00:45.200> human<00:00:45.710> rights to a broader situation of human rights

Skip to 0 minutes and 46 secondsto a broader situation of human rights neglecting<00:00:46.430> violation<00:00:47.590> societies<00:00:48.590> that neglecting violation societies that

Skip to 0 minutes and 49 secondsneglecting violation societies that experience<00:00:49.640> long<00:00:50.329> lasting<00:00:50.809> situation<00:00:51.500> of experience long lasting situation of

Skip to 0 minutes and 52 secondsexperience long lasting situation of inequality<00:00:52.699> or<00:00:53.270> ethnic<00:00:53.960> or<00:00:54.170> cultural<00:00:54.500> divide inequality or ethnic or cultural divide

Skip to 0 minutes and 55 secondsinequality or ethnic or cultural divide or<00:00:55.730> maybe<00:00:56.629> most<00:00:57.020> of<00:00:57.199> all<00:00:57.940> gender or maybe most of all gender

Skip to 0 minutes and 59 secondsor maybe most of all gender discrimination<00:00:59.289> are<00:01:00.289> prone<00:01:00.680> to<00:01:00.710> fall<00:01:01.100> to<00:01:01.670> fall discrimination are prone to fall to fall

Skip to 1 minute and 2 secondsdiscrimination are prone to fall to fall into<00:01:02.300> patterns<00:01:02.780> of<00:01:03.910> organized<00:01:04.910> violence<00:01:05.750> and into patterns of organized violence and

Skip to 1 minute and 6 secondsinto patterns of organized violence and conflict<00:01:07.070> so<00:01:08.030> to<00:01:08.180> respect<00:01:08.660> protect<00:01:09.200> and conflict so to respect protect and

Skip to 1 minute and 10 secondsconflict so to respect protect and fulfill<00:01:10.340> human<00:01:10.790> rights<00:01:10.970> is<00:01:11.330> the<00:01:11.360> best<00:01:11.720> way<00:01:11.900> of fulfill human rights is the best way of

Skip to 1 minute and 12 secondsfulfill human rights is the best way of preventing<00:01:12.410> also<00:01:13.070> mass<00:01:13.850> atrocities<00:01:14.540> and preventing also mass atrocities and

Skip to 1 minute and 15 secondspreventing also mass atrocities and international<00:01:15.560> crimes<00:01:16.600> the<00:01:17.600> National<00:01:17.900> crimes international crimes the National crimes

Skip to 1 minute and 18 secondsinternational crimes the National crimes are<00:01:18.350> not<00:01:18.380> just<00:01:18.880> opportunistic are not just opportunistic

Skip to 1 minute and 20 secondsare not just opportunistic you<00:01:20.450> know<00:01:20.600> behavior<00:01:21.050> of<00:01:21.260> single<00:01:21.650> individuals you know behavior of single individuals

Skip to 1 minute and 22 secondsyou know behavior of single individuals they<00:01:22.940> are<00:01:23.530> choices<00:01:24.530> they<00:01:24.950> are<00:01:25.330> political they are choices they are political

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Skip to 1 minute and 38 secondsreproduce patterns of behavior that the members<00:01:38.990> of<00:01:39.080> the<00:01:39.140> community<00:01:39.710> has<00:01:39.890> practiced members of the community has practiced

Skip to 1 minute and 41 secondsmembers of the community has practiced and<00:01:41.380> tolerated<00:01:42.380> and<00:01:42.830> maybe<00:01:43.280> hidden<00:01:43.580> for and tolerated and maybe hidden for

Skip to 1 minute and 44 secondsand tolerated and maybe hidden for generations<00:01:45.110> in<00:01:45.860> the<00:01:46.190> society<00:01:47.030> so<00:01:47.600> they<00:01:48.080> are generations in the society so they are

Skip to 1 minute and 48 secondsgenerations in the society so they are not<00:01:48.320> the<00:01:48.920> occurrence<00:01:49.370> of<00:01:49.550> a<00:01:50.090> single<00:01:50.720> event not the occurrence of a single event

Skip to 1 minute and 51 secondsnot the occurrence of a single event they<00:01:52.160> are<00:01:52.840> patterns<00:01:53.840> of<00:01:54.460> you<00:01:55.460> know<00:01:55.610> situations they are patterns of you know situations

Skip to 1 minute and 56 secondsthey are patterns of you know situations of<00:01:56.800> discrimination<00:01:57.800> violence<00:01:58.490> neglect<00:01:59.350> and of discrimination violence neglect and

Skip to 2 minutes and 0 secondsof discrimination violence neglect and so<00:02:00.680> on<00:02:01.000> so<00:02:02.000> what<00:02:02.270> we<00:02:02.450> would<00:02:02.600> like<00:02:02.840> to<00:02:02.870> stress so on so what we would like to stress

Skip to 2 minutes and 4 secondsso on so what we would like to stress during<00:02:04.040> this<00:02:04.280> week<00:02:04.580> is<00:02:04.880> the<00:02:05.240> link<00:02:05.480> between<00:02:05.930> the during this week is the link between the

Skip to 2 minutes and 6 secondsduring this week is the link between the occurrences<00:02:07.010> of<00:02:07.250> human<00:02:07.730> rights<00:02:07.910> violation occurrences of human rights violation

Skip to 2 minutes and 9 secondsoccurrences of human rights violation for<00:02:09.229> which<00:02:09.470> states<00:02:09.920> are<00:02:10.220> the<00:02:10.670> respondents<00:02:11.360> and for which states are the respondents and

Skip to 2 minutes and 12 secondsfor which states are the respondents and the<00:02:12.440> commission<00:02:12.920> of<00:02:13.150> crimes<00:02:14.150> against<00:02:14.600> you the commission of crimes against you

Skip to 2 minutes and 15 secondsthe commission of crimes against you were<00:02:15.540> crimes<00:02:15.930> genocide<00:02:16.770> or<00:02:17.340> aggression<00:02:18.000> worse were crimes genocide or aggression worse

Skip to 2 minutes and 19 secondswere crimes genocide or aggression worse so<00:02:19.350> based<00:02:19.620> on<00:02:19.830> this<00:02:20.160> link<00:02:20.880> between<00:02:21.420> human so based on this link between human

Skip to 2 minutes and 22 secondsso based on this link between human rights<00:02:22.080> violations<00:02:22.620> and<00:02:22.830> you<00:02:23.640> know rights violations and you know

Skip to 2 minutes and 24 secondsrights violations and you know international<00:02:24.660> crimes<00:02:25.110> we<00:02:25.980> may<00:02:26.130> say<00:02:26.400> that international crimes we may say that

Skip to 2 minutes and 27 secondsinternational crimes we may say that human<00:02:28.440> rights<00:02:28.560> courts<00:02:29.070> and<00:02:29.570> Human<00:02:30.570> Rights human rights courts and Human Rights

Skip to 2 minutes and 31 secondshuman rights courts and Human Rights monitoring<00:02:31.650> bodies<00:02:32.420> operating<00:02:33.420> at<00:02:33.540> various monitoring bodies operating at various

Skip to 2 minutes and 34 secondsmonitoring bodies operating at various levels<00:02:34.110> at<00:02:34.530> the<00:02:34.620> level<00:02:34.860> of<00:02:34.950> the<00:02:35.100> UN<00:02:35.460> or<00:02:35.970> in<00:02:36.570> the levels at the level of the UN or in the

Skip to 2 minutes and 37 secondslevels at the level of the UN or in the Council<00:02:37.290> of<00:02:37.380> Europe<00:02:37.770> or<00:02:37.890> the<00:02:37.950> African<00:02:38.400> Union Council of Europe or the African Union

Skip to 2 minutes and 39 secondsCouncil of Europe or the African Union the<00:02:39.360> OSCE<00:02:39.780> the<00:02:40.260> Organization<00:02:40.860> of<00:02:40.980> American the OSCE the Organization of American

Skip to 2 minutes and 41 secondsthe OSCE the Organization of American States<00:02:41.430> and<00:02:41.970> so<00:02:42.120> on States and so on

Skip to 2 minutes and 43 secondsStates and so on can<00:02:43.610> contribute<00:02:45.350> very<00:02:46.350> importantly<00:02:46.920> to<00:02:47.400> the can contribute very importantly to the

Skip to 2 minutes and 48 secondscan contribute very importantly to the prevention<00:02:47.910> of<00:02:50.000> international<00:02:51.000> crimes<00:02:51.270> and prevention of international crimes and

Skip to 2 minutes and 52 secondsprevention of international crimes and to<00:02:53.190> deter<00:02:53.850> individuals<00:02:55.100> to<00:02:56.100> commit<00:02:56.490> such to deter individuals to commit such

Skip to 2 minutes and 57 secondsto deter individuals to commit such crimes<00:02:57.140> operating<00:02:58.140> on<00:02:58.700> the<00:02:59.700> level<00:03:00.000> of crimes operating on the level of

Skip to 3 minutes and 0 secondscrimes operating on the level of responsibility<00:03:00.830> liability<00:03:01.830> of<00:03:02.040> states responsibility liability of states

Skip to 3 minutes and 3 secondsresponsibility liability of states international<00:03:03.210> responsibility<00:03:03.960> of<00:03:04.020> States international responsibility of States

Skip to 3 minutes and 4 secondsinternational responsibility of States so<00:03:05.010> the<00:03:05.130> two<00:03:05.310> things<00:03:05.600> you<00:03:06.600> know<00:03:06.720> support<00:03:07.140> each so the two things you know support each

Skip to 3 minutes and 7 secondsso the two things you know support each other<00:03:07.500> the<00:03:08.040> work<00:03:08.790> of<00:03:09.030> Criminal<00:03:09.510> Courts<00:03:09.870> and other the work of Criminal Courts and

Skip to 3 minutes and 10 secondsother the work of Criminal Courts and the<00:03:10.260> work<00:03:10.440> of<00:03:10.650> Human<00:03:11.220> Rights<00:03:11.340> courts<00:03:11.670> this the work of Human Rights courts this

Skip to 3 minutes and 12 secondsthe work of Human Rights courts this work<00:03:12.720> of<00:03:12.900> monitoring<00:03:13.530> and<00:03:13.650> preventing<00:03:14.480> human work of monitoring and preventing human

Skip to 3 minutes and 16 secondswork of monitoring and preventing human rights<00:03:15.630> violations<00:03:16.080> is<00:03:16.290> done<00:03:16.470> not<00:03:16.650> only<00:03:16.740> by rights violations is done not only by

Skip to 3 minutes and 18 secondsrights violations is done not only by international<00:03:18.510> organizations<00:03:18.540> that<00:03:19.410> all international organizations that all

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Skip to 3 minutes and 24 secondsstate based organizations but also by non-government<00:03:24.300> organizations<00:03:25.130> most<00:03:27.050> of<00:03:28.050> the non-government organizations most of the

Skip to 3 minutes and 28 secondsnon-government organizations most of the work<00:03:28.500> done<00:03:29.070> in<00:03:29.250> this<00:03:29.400> connection<00:03:30.120> is<00:03:30.600> done<00:03:30.870> by work done in this connection is done by

Skip to 3 minutes and 31 secondswork done in this connection is done by actually<00:03:32.190> non-governmental<00:03:33.000> organizations actually non-governmental organizations

Skip to 3 minutes and 34 secondsactually non-governmental organizations that<00:03:33.780> you<00:03:34.290> know<00:03:34.410> collect<00:03:34.830> information<00:03:35.600> put that you know collect information put

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Skip to 3 minutes and 38 secondsvictims in contact with the international<00:03:39.209> bodies<00:03:40.170> and<00:03:41.100> in<00:03:41.400> so<00:03:41.610> doing international bodies and in so doing

Skip to 3 minutes and 42 secondsinternational bodies and in so doing support<00:03:42.840> the<00:03:43.410> you<00:03:43.860> know<00:03:44.010> did<00:03:44.880> the<00:03:45.600> practice support the you know did the practice

Skip to 3 minutes and 46 secondssupport the you know did the practice that<00:03:46.080> we<00:03:46.410> are<00:03:46.560> talking<00:03:47.160> about<00:03:47.220> during<00:03:48.000> with<00:03:48.330> - that we are talking about during with -

Skip to 3 minutes and 49 secondsthat we are talking about during with - and<00:03:48.959> with<00:03:49.800> tree<00:03:50.160> we<00:03:50.970> talked<00:03:51.209> about<00:03:51.360> the and with tree we talked about the

Skip to 3 minutes and 52 secondsand with tree we talked about the violation<00:03:52.410> of<00:03:52.620> women<00:03:53.100> women<00:03:53.940> rights<00:03:54.239> and<00:03:54.630> the violation of women women rights and the

Skip to 3 minutes and 56 secondsviolation of women women rights and the rights<00:03:55.769> of<00:03:55.980> the<00:03:56.040> child<00:03:56.400> in<00:03:56.850> context<00:03:57.540> of rights of the child in context of

Skip to 3 minutes and 58 secondsrights of the child in context of conflict<00:03:58.260> or<00:03:58.410> widespread<00:03:59.340> and<00:03:59.700> systematic conflict or widespread and systematic

Skip to 4 minutes and 0 secondsconflict or widespread and systematic attack<00:04:00.690> on<00:04:00.959> population<00:04:01.709> but<00:04:02.250> systematic attack on population but systematic

Skip to 4 minutes and 3 secondsattack on population but systematic disrespect<00:04:04.200> of<00:04:05.180> this<00:04:06.470> the<00:04:07.470> rights<00:04:07.709> of<00:04:08.010> these disrespect of this the rights of these

Skip to 4 minutes and 8 secondsdisrespect of this the rights of these specific<00:04:09.000> groups<00:04:09.440> can<00:04:10.489> be<00:04:11.489> tackled<00:04:11.820> by specific groups can be tackled by

Skip to 4 minutes and 13 secondsspecific groups can be tackled by international<00:04:13.640> litigation<00:04:14.640> and<00:04:14.820> reporting international litigation and reporting

Skip to 4 minutes and 16 secondsinternational litigation and reporting procedures<00:04:17.000> such<00:04:18.000> mechanism<00:04:18.810> can<00:04:19.470> put<00:04:19.980> in<00:04:20.280> the procedures such mechanism can put in the

Skip to 4 minutes and 21 secondsprocedures such mechanism can put in the light<00:04:20.760> the<00:04:21.209> systemic<00:04:22.200> inequalities<00:04:23.419> that<00:04:24.419> the light the systemic inequalities that the light the systemic inequalities that the German German

Skip to 4 minutes and 27 secondsGerman this<00:04:26.889> violation<00:04:27.789> and<00:04:28.210> that<00:04:28.509> are<00:04:28.660> so<00:04:28.960> embedded this violation and that are so embedded

Skip to 4 minutes and 30 secondsthis violation and that are so embedded in<00:04:30.180> societies<00:04:31.180> so<00:04:31.720> embedded<00:04:32.020> in<00:04:32.289> societies in societies so embedded in societies

Skip to 4 minutes and 33 secondsin societies so embedded in societies that<00:04:32.889> only<00:04:33.610> an<00:04:33.820> external<00:04:34.270> actor<00:04:34.930> can<00:04:35.229> help<00:04:35.560> to that only an external actor can help to

Skip to 4 minutes and 36 secondsthat only an external actor can help to detected<00:04:36.370> them<00:04:36.610> so<00:04:37.090> Human<00:04:37.419> Rights<00:04:37.600> monitoring detected them so Human Rights monitoring

Skip to 4 minutes and 38 secondsdetected them so Human Rights monitoring can<00:04:39.100> indeed<00:04:39.970> prevent<00:04:40.449> the<00:04:41.169> commission<00:04:41.770> of can indeed prevent the commission of

Skip to 4 minutes and 42 secondscan indeed prevent the commission of crimes<00:04:42.430> and<00:04:43.090> atrocities<00:04:43.770> during<00:04:44.770> conflict crimes and atrocities during conflict

Skip to 4 minutes and 46 secondscrimes and atrocities during conflict and<00:04:45.759> in<00:04:46.710> also<00:04:47.710> in<00:04:47.949> post-conflict<00:04:48.940> situation and in also in post-conflict situation

Skip to 4 minutes and 50 secondsand in also in post-conflict situation and<00:04:49.870> transitional<00:04:50.800> regimes<00:04:51.930> called<00:04:52.930> Sur<00:04:53.229> the and transitional regimes called Sur the

Skip to 4 minutes and 53 secondsand transitional regimes called Sur the European<00:04:53.830> Court<00:04:54.009> of<00:04:54.100> Human<00:04:54.160> Rights<00:04:54.400> the European Court of Human Rights the

Skip to 4 minutes and 55 secondsEuropean Court of Human Rights the American<00:04:55.900> courts<00:04:56.199> for<00:04:56.320> Human<00:04:56.560> Rights<00:04:56.680> the American courts for Human Rights the

Skip to 4 minutes and 57 secondsAmerican courts for Human Rights the African<00:04:58.270> Court<00:04:58.570> on<00:04:58.810> human<00:04:59.610> people's<00:05:00.610> rights African Court on human people's rights

Skip to 5 minutes and 1 secondAfrican Court on human people's rights have<00:05:01.479> many<00:05:02.050> types<00:05:02.370> adjudicated<00:05:03.370> cases<00:05:04.500> in have many types adjudicated cases in

Skip to 5 minutes and 6 secondshave many types adjudicated cases in which<00:05:05.849> people<00:05:06.930> were<00:05:07.930> violated<00:05:08.650> their<00:05:08.830> right which people were violated their right

Skip to 5 minutes and 9 secondswhich people were violated their right to<00:05:09.070> life<00:05:10.050> personal<00:05:11.050> freedom<00:05:11.580> right<00:05:12.580> not<00:05:12.729> be to life personal freedom right not be

Skip to 5 minutes and 13 secondsto life personal freedom right not be told<00:05:13.150> to<00:05:13.360> the<00:05:13.660> fair<00:05:14.050> trial<00:05:14.380> as<00:05:15.190> on<00:05:15.580> in told to the fair trial as on in

Skip to 5 minutes and 16 secondstold to the fair trial as on in situations<00:05:16.570> of<00:05:17.070> pre<00:05:18.070> conflict<00:05:19.030> or<00:05:19.270> during<00:05:20.139> a situations of pre conflict or during a

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Skip to 5 minutes and 22 secondsconflict and armed conflict or situation of<00:05:22.479> mass<00:05:23.460> you<00:05:24.460> know<00:05:24.610> arrested<00:05:25.479> social<00:05:25.990> arrest of mass you know arrested social arrest

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Skip to 5 minutes and 30 secondsor in the aftermath of these conflicts showing<00:05:31.030> that<00:05:31.500> this<00:05:32.500> link<00:05:32.800> between<00:05:33.479> states showing that this link between states

Skip to 5 minutes and 35 secondsshowing that this link between states responsibility<00:05:35.289> for<00:05:35.680> you<00:05:35.949> know<00:05:36.360> attacking responsibility for you know attacking

Skip to 5 minutes and 37 secondsresponsibility for you know attacking tackling<00:05:38.080> situations<00:05:38.680> of<00:05:38.919> you<00:05:39.729> know tackling situations of you know

Skip to 5 minutes and 40 secondstackling situations of you know imbalance<00:05:40.750> in<00:05:41.229> justices<00:05:41.949> and<00:05:42.159> so<00:05:42.310> on<00:05:42.370> and<00:05:42.970> the imbalance in justices and so on and the

Skip to 5 minutes and 44 secondsimbalance in justices and so on and the commission<00:05:44.050> of<00:05:44.460> criminal<00:05:46.320> violations<00:05:47.320> of commission of criminal violations of

Skip to 5 minutes and 48 secondscommission of criminal violations of international<00:05:47.979> crimes<00:05:48.729> is<00:05:49.539> you<00:05:50.289> know international crimes is you know

Skip to 5 minutes and 50 secondsinternational crimes is you know something<00:05:50.919> that<00:05:50.949> can<00:05:51.250> be<00:05:51.490> you<00:05:51.820> know<00:05:51.849> addressed something that can be you know addressed

Skip to 5 minutes and 52 secondssomething that can be you know addressed by<00:05:52.720> these<00:05:52.780> Human<00:05:53.530> Rights<00:05:53.710> institutions by these Human Rights institutions

Skip to 5 minutes and 55 secondsby these Human Rights institutions so<00:05:55.509> this<00:05:55.740> litigations<00:05:56.740> have<00:05:56.979> been<00:05:57.159> of<00:05:57.340> great so this litigations have been of great

Skip to 5 minutes and 57 secondsso this litigations have been of great importance<00:05:58.389> in<00:05:59.460> you<00:06:00.460> know<00:06:00.780> prompting<00:06:01.780> a importance in you know prompting a

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The Space of Human Rights in Countering International Crimes

How can human rights courts help mitigate international crimes?

In this week we will learn the following:

  • Why it is important to connect efforts in countering international crimes with the work of human rights international courts and monitoring bodies

  • How human rights courts ascertain the direct responsibility or the lack of due diligence of states in tackling cases of human rights violations that are likely to evolve into conflicts or widespread violence

  • Which jurisprudence of the regional human rights courts has been particularly authoritative in this field

  • How international humanitarian law and human rights law can help each other in tackling situations of victimization (by abuse, violence, etc.) of persons involved in conflicts

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This video is from the free online course:

Human Rights and International Criminal Law: An Introduction

University of Padova

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Find out what this course is like by previewing some of the course steps before you join: