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Grammar (입니다 , 은/는)

How to use of some grammars or sentences, differences in the use of particles. In this week we are going to learn ‘입니다’ and ‘은 or 는’.

1. ~ 입니다.

(Attached to a noun) This is used to describe the subject in a sentence. To make a sentence with a noun, ‘입니다’ has to be attached to the noun.


* ex 1. 저는 김용희입니다. ( I am Kim Yong Hui.)
* ex 2. 저는 미셸입니다. ( I am Michele.)


2. 은/는

(Attached to a noun) It is used to indicate the subject, It is usually attached to a noun being introduced to indicate that the noun as the subject of the sentence.

When a speaker is introducing his/herself, ‘저는’ is used to indicate that the person is taking about him/herself. ‘은’ is used after a noun with final consonant and ‘는’ is used after a noun without final consonant.

① 받침*(Y) +


* 학생 
* 선생님 
* 한국

② 받침(N) +


* 저 
* 친구 
* 엄마

(* 받침 [badchim] : The 받침 is the final consonant at the end of a Korean syllable. The 받침 is written in the bottom/final position. Conjugation rules will often depend on if there is a 받침 or not. The consonant in the 받침 position is said to be in the “final position.”)

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This article is from the free online course:

Introduction to Korean

Hanyang University

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