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Using intonation

In the previous step you watched Syed retelling a lecture and saw how the lack of intonation had an effect on his oral fluency. Let’s look at how you can recognise and use intonation in the speaking section of PTE Academic.

Intonation

As mentioned earlier, intonation refers to the rises and falls in your voice when you speak. Considering intonation in your answers can help you speak more clearly and fluently. This is true particularly when referring to:

  • Statements: Most of your responses in the test are factual information about the image or lecture, or sentences which you have to read out or repeat. To make sure they sound like statements, show a falling intonation at the end. Listen to the following excerpts and think which one is showing better intonation.

Scientists have made the smallest electric motor ever created. It is a feat of scientific genius.

Audio A Audio B
  • Lists of items: These are common in Read Aloud items, but you may also need to list items in other item types. To clearly show this, use a rising intonation with all the items except for the last one, when you should use a falling intonation. Listen to the two following excerpts and think which one is using the correct intonation to list things.

It is important that parents, siblings, teachers and children understand the dangers of the Internet.

Audio A Audio B
  • Introductory phrases and linking devices: Phrases like In my opinion, As shown in the graph, or linking devices such as In addition, However, indicate that the idea is not complete and that more information will be provided. In these cases, the pitch should rise and fall within the sentence.

Listen to the following sentences and analyse how the intonation was used.

As can be seen in the image, the sales increased from 2010 and 2015.

Audio A Audio B

Sales plummeted in this period. However, these levelled out in the following years.

Audio A Audio B
  • Clauses: When a sentence begins with a subordinator such as if, when, who, because, use a rising intonation in the first clause of the sentence (dependent clause), and a falling intonation for the clause completing the idea (independent clause).

Which of the following sentences makes the use of intonation better?

If a solution is not found soon, the problem may worsen.

Audio A Audio B

Highlighting important words

During the speaking section of PTE Academic, particularly in Re-tell Lecture and Repeat Sentence items, it can help if you are able to identify how speakers emphasise important words. These important words are known as content words and the process of highlighting them in speech is known as sentence stress.

Content words are those which carry meaning in a sentence. These include nouns (people, places, things), main verbs (actions, states), adjectives (words that modify nouns), adverbs (words that modify verbs and adjectives), negative forms (not, never, neither) and quantifiers (some, many, all). In the following sentence, what do you think are the content words:

The library does not open at seven in the morning.

In this case, the content words are library, not, open, seven and morning, as these are the words that help to create meaning in the sentence.

Content words are often emphasised in speech to express ideas in a clearer and more accurate manner. Depending on the word that is stressed, the meaning of the idea will change. Let’s see how this can be done with the following example:

  • My father doesn’t work on Saturdays. Audio

In this sentence, the word ‘father’ has been stressed, showing that the speaker is specifically referring to their father, and not their mother or another member of the family.

  • My father doesn’t work on Saturdays. Audio

Stressing the negative form ‘doesn’t’ is emphasising that the action ‘work’ did not take place.

  • My father doesn’t work on Saturdays. Audio

In this case, the speaker is stressing the word ‘Saturdays’ with the intention of clearly showing that the action did not happen on a different day of the week.

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This article is from the free online course:

Practise your PTE Academic Speaking Skills

Macquarie University