Britain in stereo: industry and technology
Britain led the world in technology and engineering during Queen Victoria’s reign (1837-1901) and many of the greatest achievements were captured in stereo images.
Manchester, seen here below, was just one of the many cities which became dominated by heavy industry and manufacturing.
Image: Stereocard depicting the River Irwell From Blackfriars Bridge, Manchester, by Hemult Petschler, Manchester, c. 1861 - 1869. IL.2003.44.6.1.558 © Howarth-Loomes Collection at National Museums Scotland
Museums celebrating modern technology were built in London and Edinburgh, amongst other Victorian cities. The view below shows what was then known as the Museum of Science and Art - now the National Museum of Scotland in Edinburgh.
Image: Natural History gallery in the east wing of the Museum of Science and Art. Stereocard of the Art and Science Museum, Edinburgh by H Gordon, Aberdeen. Shows a ground floor gallery and balcony of natural history specimens, both taxidermy and skeletal. D.2015.4 © National Museums Scotland
This stereocard (below) depicts the massive Great Eastern steam ship (known as the Leviathan). It was designed by English mechanical and civil engineer, Isambard Kingdom Brunel (1806 – 1859) as a passenger vessel, but spent most of her career afloat as a cable-laying ship.
Image: Stereocard depicting the Great Eastern steam ship (known as the Leviathan) taken from the river side at high water; by The London Stereoscopic & Photographic Co. Ltd, London. IL.2003.44.6.13.134 © Howarth-Loomes Collection at National Museums Scotland
Here is Brunel, depicted in a carte-de-viste, posing in front of the ship’s massive chains: Image: Carte-de-visite, Isambard Kingdom Brunel standing against a backdrop of chains, photographed by Robert Howlett, sold by the London Stereoscopic Company. IL.2003.44.4.239 © Howarth-Loomes Collection at National Museums Scotland
And here is another stereo image of his ship, at sea:
Image: Stereocard depicting The Great Eastern, known as The Leviathan, steam ship, in Southampton Water, by an unknown photographer. IL.2003.44.6.13.138 © Howarth-Loomes Collection at National Museums Scotland
The Royal Albert Bridge across the Tamar between Cornwall and Devon, below, was also designed by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, to carry the railway. Surveying started in 1848 and construction commenced in 1854. The first main span was positioned in 1857 and the completed bridge was opened by Prince Albert on 2 May 1859.
Image: Stereocard depicting the Royal Albert Bridge - East Tube from the West by William May, Devonport, 1857. IL.2003.44.6.8.516 © Howarth-Loomes Collection at National Museums Scotland
Brunel himself crossed the bridge, in an open wagon, two days later; he died on 5 September 1859. His bridge is still in operation today.
Image: Stereocard depicting Isambard Kingdom Brunel’s Royal Albert Bridge in Devon, opened in 1859, by an unknown photographer, c.1859. IL.2003.44.6.8.519 © Howarth-Loomes Collection at National Museums Scotland
The introduction of the railways to Britain was also recorded through the photographer’s lens. As they became the most popular means of transport for goods and people throughout the Victorian era, so they captured the imagination of photographer and public alike.
Image: Stereocard depicting the arrival of a passenger train, by the London Stereoscope Company, London, 1854 - 1856. IL.2003.44.6.16.141 © Howarth-Loomes Collection at National Museums Scotland
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