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巴黎协定

气候中和的全球承诺
《巴黎协定》和全球气候中和的承诺

于2016年生效的《巴黎协定》是未来几年全球努力应对气候变化的新拐角。它在极短时间里确保让全世界都能参与。鉴于敦促多边努力呼声不断加强的政治背景下,这是一项重大成就。

《巴黎协定》的主要特点之一是,与《公约》和《京都议定书》里的概念相比,”发达国家 “和 “发展中国家 “之间的两者区别相差甚微,因为它更加注重国情。通过协定中自下而上的方法确保了《公约》中 “共同但有区别的责任和各自的能力 “的原则。

为了实现 “全球升温远低于2℃”的目标“ 就必须严格规划一个5年的目标议程。另一个主要挑战是确保所有缔约方遵循2018年底在卡托维兹举行的缔约方大会,又称第二十四届会议(COP24),上商定的《规则手册》中关于透明度和问责制的详细规则。这将需要把能力建设支持、技术专家审查和同行压力结合起来,为实施和遵守协议而采取合适的的鼓励措施。

深入探研

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碳市场:考察欧盟跨国气候行动政策

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