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《巴黎协定》的主要特点之一是,与《公约》和《京都议定书》里的概念相比,”发达国家 “和 “发展中国家 “之间的两者区别相差甚微,因为它更加注重国情。通过协定中自下而上的方法确保了《公约》中 “共同但有区别的责任和各自的能力 “的原则。

为了实现 “全球升温远低于2℃”的目标“ 就必须严格规划一个5年的目标议程。另一个主要挑战是确保所有缔约方遵循2018年底在卡托维兹举行的缔约方大会,又称第二十四届会议(COP24),上商定的《规则手册》中关于透明度和问责制的详细规则。这将需要把能力建设支持、技术专家审查和同行压力结合起来,为实施和遵守协议而采取合适的的鼓励措施。


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