Skip main navigation





欧洲环境局(EEA) 资料来源:欧洲环境局(EEA)

该图显示了温室气体排放目标、趋势以及欧盟成员国(欧盟28国,自2019年以后为欧盟27国)监测机制(MMR)的预测。(监测机制条例(EC)No 525/2013,要求成员国每两年报告一次人为因素造成的温室气体排放的本国预测)


  • 根据初步估计,欧盟的温室气体排放在2017年增加了0.6%,而在2016年则减少了0.4%。
  • 2017年的排放水平相较于1990年减少了22%,高于欧盟到2020年减少20%的目标。
  • 根据成员国在2017年和2018年的预测报告:
    • 欧盟的温室气体排放预计到2020年将进一步减少,在目前已经采取的措施下,比1990年的水平减少26%
    • 与1990年的水平相比,到2030年,欧盟的温室气体排放可减少32%。这些预计的减排量没有达到2030年40%的目标。尽管如此,欧盟领导人已经同意了一个更雄心勃勃的削减温室气体的目标,即到2030年减少55%,而不是40%。
This article is from the free online


Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education