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聚焦南非:低碳经济转型融资

聚焦南非

南非国家花费了100多年时间建立了一个以煤炭为首要能源的具有竞争优势的经济体系[1] 。煤炭业的遗留问题显现在物质基础设施中、能源部门中和有关机构的组织形态中,它也影响了金融的流动方式。

具有讽刺意味的是,正是这种煤炭产业使南非能够在能源转型的过程中实行了减排(通过可再生能源),提高了全球成本效益而为世界作出了重要的贡献。南非的电力结构是世界上碳密集度最高的。由于可再生能源现在是最便宜的电力供应形式(即太阳能),通过加速淘汰煤机组来实现国家电力供应的去碳化,将以非常低的成本产生大量的减排[2]量。 然而,这需要一个快速和突破性的革新变化。

为了在2050[3]年前实现被承诺的国家净零排放目标,南非在2020年5月发表了一份题为”为可持续经济融资”[4]的技术文件。该文件作为基础性的措施被用来鼓励对可持续经济资产、活动和项目进行更多的长期投资,以确保创造一个可替代性的、有吸引力、可持续的经济发展模式,优先投资那些有助于从根本上重新调整南非能源部门的业务活动,而不是仅仅实现渐进式变革[5]。

参考资料

  1. http://www.energy.gov.za/files/coal_frame.html
  2. https://theconversation.com/climate-finance-for-a-transition-away-from-coal-a-chance-to-change-history-in-south-africa-171680
  3. https://climateactiontracker.org/countries/south-africa/net-zero-targets/
  4. http://www.treasury.gov.za/comm_media/press/2021/2021101501%20Media%20Statement%20-%20Publication%20of%20updated%20technical%20paper%20and%20comments%20matrix%20Financing%20a%20Sustainable%20Economy.pdf
  5. https://theconversation.com/climate-finance-for-a-transition-away-from-coal-a-chance-to-change-history-in-south-africa-171680
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