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Introducing the Usage of adverbs “也” and “都

In this video, Dr Li will introduce the usage of “也” and “都”.

In this video we discuss the position of the adverb “也yě (also or too) ” and “都dōu (both or all)”. Especially pay attention to the position of the adverb “都dōu ”. It has different meanings in different positions in the negative form.

  • Subject + 也yě +Verb / Adjective

For example:

王小宝是英国人, George也是英国人。

Wáng xiǎobǎo shì yīngguórén, George yě shì yīngguo rén。

Wang Xiaobao is British, and George is British too.


David hěn gāoxìng, Lucy yě hěn gāoxìng.

David is happy, Lucy is also happy.

  • Subject + 都dōu +Verb / Adjective


Tāmen dōu hěn gāoxìng.

They are all happy.


“Tāmen dōu shì Yīngguórén”.

They are all British.

  • The negative form:

Subject + 也yě +不+ Verb / Adjective


Lucy yě bù xǐhuān chī dàngāo。

Lucy doesn’t like cakes, either.

Subject + 都dōu +不+ Verb / Adjective


Tāmen dōu bù xǐhuān chī dàngāo。

None of them like cakes.

Subject +不+ 都dōu + Verb / Adjective


Tāmen bù dōu xǐhuān chī dàngāo。

Not all of them like cakes.

The following is Chinese and English Version of Situational Dialogue in the Video:








Xixi: Wáng Xiǎobǎo,tomorrow is your birthday, right?

Wang Xiaobao: Right. Why don’t you come to my birthday party?

Xixi: Sure. Is David coming?

Wang Xiaobao: Yes. We are going to eat some Chinese food.

Xixi: Great. Do you know how to use chopsticks?

Wang Xiaobao: Of course! I know how to use chopsticks, so does David.

Xixi: Well, we all know how to use chopsticks.

© Shanghai International Studies University

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Learn Chinese: Introduction to Chinese Grammar

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