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Decent work and economic growth

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8. Decent Work and Economic Growth

Icon of a bar graph increasing and an arrow pointing upwards with the title "Decent Cork and Economic Growth" Icon of a bar graph increasing and an arrow pointing upwards with the title "Whai Rawa"

The University is a huge institution. It contributes more than one billion dollars to the New Zealand economy. As a whole, the 4,000 staff employed at the university, all follow sustainable practices. Together the staff and students create a foundation, or base for sustainable economic growth. The university trains thousands of students each year for future work opportunities. It is also involved with research and outreach programmes. All of this helps to strengthen and to sustain the economy. In order to further sustain the amount of money that is contributed to the economy, there are strong anti-discrimination laws set up for all staff, good working conditions, as well as employment security. The University realises that it is more important, and economical, to keep staff well and healthy rather than loose or retrain new staff. In this way, economic growth is sustainable.

Image of the inside of an Otago building

It is important to look at how words can be used in different ways. Look at the different ways that the word “economy” is used in the sentences taken from the text above.

a. Together the staff and students create a foundation for sustainable (economic) growth.

b. All of this helps to strengthen and to sustain the (economy).

c. The University realises that it is more important, and (economical) to keep staff well and healthy rather than loose or retrain new staff.

What part of speech is used for each word in (brackets) in “a,” “b,” and “c”? Choose one from the list and use the comment section to write your answer below.

a. noun, adjective, adverb

b. adjective, noun, adjective

c. noun, adjective, adjective

KEY VOCABULARY
1.economic 2. economical 3. economy
4. security 5. transferring 6. contribute
*Note: this vocabulary has been filtered through the Academic Word List from sublist 1 – up to and including sublist 5. Therefore, this course is designed to fit Intermediate Level English language learning students and above

DISCUSSION QUESTION:

What kind of buildings do you have in your place of study? Are they sustainable? How could the buildings around you be more sustainable?

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English Language Learning Through Sustainability

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