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The last goals

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14. Life Below Water

Icon of fish under the water with title "Life below water" Icon of fish under the water with title "Oranga Moana"

Life below water includes research and teaching about marine conservation. Marine conservation includes organisms and plants found in the sea and how all of these things connect with each other. In other words, marine conservation means studying eco-systems (living systems that are connected to each other). The University runs an aquatic studies outreach programme as well as a public aquarium. It is called the Otago Marine Studies Centre. In 2019 more than 15,000 people took part in educational programmes related to this centre.

Picture of learners at the marine aquarium programm

This allows local school children to learn about the water around them, as well as make plans for sustainable action as to how the water will affect them in the future.

Group of young kids reading a map

Look at the sentence and let us know your answer in the comment section. You will be able to see the answer to this at the end of the step.

“This allows local school children to learn about the water around them, as well as make plans for sustainable action as to how the water will affect them in the future.”

1.What part of speech is the word “affect”?

Is it a noun, verb, adjective, or adverb?

2.Choose all the synonyms from the list with the same meaning as “affect”?

a. change b. teach c. impact upon d. listen e. influence

3.Look at the word “eco-system.” What word is “eco” short for?

a. economic b. ecology c. economical
KEY VOCABULARY
1. affect 2. eco-system
*Note: this vocabulary has been filtered through the Academic Word List from sublist 1 – up to and including sublist 5. Therefore, this course is designed to fit Intermediate Level English language learning students and above

Answers

  1. “Affect” is a verb. It is easy to confuse “affect” with “effect,” which is a noun.
  2. A, C and E are the correct synonyms for “affect.”
  3. “Eco” is short for “ecology.” Ecology is the study of organisms. “Eco-system” then means how ecology is related to the “systems” around it. These could be environmental systems, economic systems, or even social systems.
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English Language Learning Through Sustainability

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