Skip main navigation

£199.99 £139.99 for one year of Unlimited learning. Offer ends on 28 February 2023 at 23:59 (UTC). T&Cs apply

Find out more

Healthcare associated infections

Across the globe, bacterial infections in hospitals and other health care settings are a significant and costly concern
Seven to 10 percent acquiring healthcare-associated infections, one third of ICU patients affected by health-care associated infection, one quarter healthcare-associated infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria
© University of East Anglia

Across the globe, bacterial infections in hospitals and other health care settings (such as residential care homes for the elderly) are a significant and costly concern. Healthcare environments provide a significant risk for spreading antibiotic resistant bacterial infections. Any interventions that can be put in place to reduce the spread of infections within healthcare settings will lower the mortality and morbidity associated with these infections and minimise opportunities for more drug-resistant strains of bacteria to emerge.

Globally, levels of healthcare-associated infections (or nosocomial infections) are high. Low and middle-income countries are particularly are at risk. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that at least 10 percent of all patients in these healthcare settings develop an infection. In high-income countries this figure is still significant. Seven percent of all patients admitted to hospital develop infections and this figure increases to one in three patients (33 percent) in intensive care units (ICUs).

The human cost of encountering antibiotic resistant infections should not be underestimated. They carry a significantly higher mortality risk. For example, the mortality rate associated with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA – an antibiotic-resistant ‘superbug’), is at least 50% higher than patients with infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus that can be treated with antibiotics. The financial costs are also significant as outbreaks of antibiotic-resistant infections in hospital or health care setting can be expensive to contain, manage and overcome.

© University of East Anglia
This article is from the free online

Using Infection Control to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education