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Glossary of Week 3

Glossary of Week 3
© Keio University

We have included this glossary for reference, you are not expected to remember all the new terms.

You can refer to the glossary throughout the course by returning to this step or by downloading the PDF version which is available from the DOWNLOADS section below.

If you come across any other words that you would like us to add to the glossary, please add them to the comments.

NOTE: This is the glossary for Week 3. For Week 1, you can find it at Step 1.4. For other weeks, you can refer each glossary at last step in that week. The PDF version includes the glossary for all weeks.



  • Ashikaga (city): 足利 a city located in Tochigi Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. [3.1]
  • Ashikaga Gakkō , Ashikaga School: 足利学校 Ashikaga-Gakkō, meaning the Ashikaga School is Japan’s oldest academic institution. [3.1]


  • Bai Juyi : 白居易 (772-846) poet in China Tang period [3.6]


  • Collected Writings of Han Yu: 昌黎先生文集 a collection of poems of Han Yu in Tang dynasty [3.6]
  • Confucius: 孔子 Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism [3.7]


  • Dongpo xiansheng shi : 東坡先生詩 poetry collection of the Song-dynasty poet Su Shi [3.4]
  • Du Fu: 杜甫 (712-770) Tang poet [3.4],[3.6],[3.9]
  • Du Mu: 杜牧 (803-852) Tang poet [3.13],[3.14]


  • Edo: 江戸 period of the Tokugawa shogunate (1603-1868) [3.1],[3.8],[3.14]
  • Eiho Yōyū : 英甫永雄 (1547-1602) Kenninji priest [3.13]
  • encyclopedia: 類書 reference work such as dictionary [3.2],[3.5],[3.6],[3.7]


  • Fukkishū: 覆簣集 a mid-16th century selection of poems by Zen monks with commentary [3.10]


  • Gakusha ryotei bun’inshū shoka shikan: 学者旅亭分韻集諸家詩巻 work rearranges by rhyme the poems in the Shinsenshū and in the Shinpenshū [3.8]
  • geju: 偈頌 Zen Buddhist verse [3.10]
  • goroku: 語録 collection of Zen monks’ teachings and verse, known as “ recorded sayings “ [3.10]
  • Gozan: 五山 five government-sponsored Zen centers in Kyoto and Kamakura [3.10]
  • Gozan-ban, Gozan printed editions: 五山版 printed books by Gozan temples [3.3],[3.4],[3.5],[3.6],[3.7],[3.8],[3.10],[3.12]
  • Gujin yunhui juyao : 古今韻会挙要 Rime dictionary compiled in China Yuan dynasty [3.5]
  • Guwen zhenbao : 古文真宝 Chinese anthology in Hang and Song dynasty [3.3],[3.9]
  • Gyokuro bassui : 玉露抜萃 a digest of the Song-period collection of jottings Helin yulu [3.7]


  • Hakushi bunshū, the Collected Wrintings of Bai Juyi: 白氏文集 collection of poems by Bai Juyi [3.6]
  • Han Yu : 韓愈 (768-824) man of letters in Tang dynasty [3.6]
  • Heian: 平安 period (794-1185) [3.6]
  • Helin yulu : 鶴林玉露 jottings by Luo Dajing [3.7]
  • Hōshuku Shusen : 彭叔守仙 (1490-1555) Tōfukuji temple priest [3.14]
  • Huang Tingjian : 黄庭堅 (1045-1105) calligrapher and poet and scholar in China [3.4],[3.6]


  • Ishō Tokugan: 惟肖得巌 (1360-1437) monk, leading poet of the Shōkokuji temple [3.10]


  • Jianghu shipai: 江湖詩派 a mixed poetry society of lower-level bureaucrats and merchants,Rivers and Lakes School of Poetry [3.12]
  • Jin: 金 (1115-1234) dynasty in China [3.6]


  • kana: 仮名 characters of Japan, derived from Chinese characters [3.12]
  • kanbun: 漢文 classical Chinese [3.12],[3.14]
  • kanji: 漢字 chinese charasters [3.8]
  • Kenninji: 建仁寺 Temple in Kyoto [3.1],[3.8],[3.10],[3.13]
  • Kinshūdan, Jinxiuduan: 錦繍段 a poetry collection [3.3],[3.8]
  • Kobun shinpō kōshū-shō: 古文真宝後集抄 a commentary on the Chinese anthology Guwen zhenbao houji [3.9]
  • kokatsujiban, “ Old” movable type editions: 古活字版 ”Old” movable type editions in early modern period in Japan [3.14]
  • Kōsei Ryūha : 江西龍派 (1375-1446) a poet of the Kenninji temple [3.13]
  • Kyoto: 京都 center of politics and culture for a long time in old Japan, modern Kyoto city [3.1],[3.8],[3.10]
  • Kyūen Ryūchin : 九淵龍賝 (1398?-1474) Kenninji temple monk [3.13]


  • Lianzhu shige: 聯珠詩格 a poetry collection [3.3]
  • Liu Zongyuan : 柳宗元 (773-819) scholar of literature, politician of China Tang dynasty [3.6]
  • Lu Benzhong : 呂本中 (1084-1145, courtesy name, Juren) Song-dynasty poet and scholar [3.13]


  • Ming : 明 dynasty in China (1368-1644) [3.3]
  • Mountain Travel: 山行 a poem by the poet Du Mu [3.13],[3.14]


  • Nagasaki: 長崎 harbor city in which Edo only trade port was located [3.14]


  • Ogura Sanezumi: 小倉実澄 (1439-1505) warrior [3.10]
  • Okajima Kanzan: 岡島 冠山 (1674-1728) researcher, known for his research on spoken Chinese [3.14]
  • Ōmi: 近江 modern Shiga prefecture, Japan [3.10]
  • the Ōnin wars : 応仁(文明)乱 (1467-1477) Internal war of the power of the Muromachi shogunate [3.10]
  • Ōsen Keisan: 横川景三 (1429-1493) zen monk [3.10]


  • renga: 連歌 Japanese linked verse [3.7]
  • renku: 聯句 a genre of Chinese linked poetry in which a number of different poets collaboratively composed poems [3.7]
  • Ryōsoku-in : 両足院 one of the buildings of the Kenninji temple, Kyoto’s oldest Zen temple [3.1],[3.13]


  • Santaishi shōkai: 三体詩詳解 A Detailed Explanation of the Santishi [3.14]
  • Santaishi soinshō: 三体詩素隠抄 late 16th-century Zen commentaries [3.14]
  • Santaishi zekkushō : 三体詩絶句抄 a commentary on the first book of the poetry anthology Santaishi [3.9],[3.12],[3.14]
  • Santaishi-shō: 三躰詩鈔 a commentary on the Santishi edited in the mid-16th century by Shiose Sōwa [3.13]
  • Santishi : 三体詩 J. Santaishi, Poetry in Three Styles [3.3],[3.9],[3.12],[3.13],[3.14]
  • Satsuma: 薩摩 modern Kagoshima prefecture [3.8]
  • Shilin guangji : 事林広記  encyclopedia compiled in Song dynasty [3.5]
  • Shinpenshū: 新編集 a poetry collection compiled by the monks of the Kenninji temple in Kyoto [3.8]
  • Shinsenshū, Xin xuanji: 新選集 a poetry collection compiled by the monks of the Kenninji temple in Kyoto [3.6],[3.8]
  • Shiose Sōwa: 塩瀬宗和 an affiliate of the Kenninji temple [3.13]
  • Shiren yōshin: 詩聯要津 a compendium of sources on Chinese historical figures [3.7]
  • Shōkenkō: 蕉堅藁 poetry collection of Zekkai Chūshin [3.10]
  • Shōkokuji: 相国寺 zen temple in Kyoto [3.10]
  • shōmono: 抄物 general term for books of commentary on certain Chinese classics,literally, “gleanings” [3.12]
  • Song: 宋 dynasty in China (960-1279) [3.3],[3.4],[3.5],[3.6],[3.7],[3.11],[3.13]
  • Southern Song : 南宋 (1127-1279) dynasty in China [3.12]
  • Su Shi : 蘇軾 (1037-1101) China Song dynasty’s politician, poet, calligrapher [3.4],[3.6]


  • Tatchu : 塔頭 the term is an idiom consisted of the Chinese character ‘塔’ and a suffix ‘頭,’ yet the (original) meaning is same as ‘塔.’ ‘塔’ is an abbreviation of ‘Sotoba [卒塔婆]’—the Chinese transliteration of the Sanskrit word “Stupa”—which originally meant about Buddhist monument in which Buddha’s sarira (Busshari [仏舎利]) were laid. The triple tower and the five-storied pagoda (in the large temples of Nara and Kyoto) were built in this purpose, yet gradually, it also started covering the graves of Buddhist priests. [3.1]
  • Tang : 唐 (618-907) dynasty in China [3.3],[3.4],[3.6],[3.11],[3.13]
  • Tang Song shi xian qian jia shi xuan: 千家詩選 a collection of Tang and Song poetry organized by content [3.6]
  • Tangshi xuan, Tōshisen: 唐詩選 a collection of Chinese poems compiled in Ming dynasty [3.14]
  • Ten’in Ryūtaku: 天隠龍沢 (1422-1500) monk [3.3]
  • Tochigi: 栃木 Tochigi Prefecture (Tochigi-ken) is located in the Kantō region of Japan [3.1]
  • Tōfukuji: 東福寺 one of the Gozan temples in Kyoto [3.14]
  • Tōkai keikashū: 東海瓊華集 poetry collection of Ishō Tokugan [3.10]
  • Tōon Santaishi yakudoku: 唐音三體詩訳読 A Translation and Reading of the Santishi with Chinese Pronunciation [3.14]


  • Xinbian shiwen leiju : 新編事文類聚 encyclopedia compiled in China Yuan dynasty [3.5]


  • Yōshin: 要津 crossing, i.e. a vital transportation node [3.7]
  • Yuan: 元 dynasty in China (1271-1368) [3.4],[3.5],[3.6]
  • Yunfu qunyu : 韻府群玉 compiled kanji categorizing [3.5]


  • Zekkai Chūshin : 絶海中津 (1334-1405) one the finest of the Gozan literati, monk [3.10]
  • Zen: 禅 one of Mahayana Buddhism sects [3.1],[3.2],[3.3],[3.6],[3.7],[3.8],[3.9],[3.10],[3.11],[3.12],[3.13]
  • Zengguang shilian shixue dacheng : 増広事聯詩学大成 encyclopedia edited in China Yuan dynasty [3.5]
  • Zoku okudan: 続臆断 a commentary on Du Fu’s poems [3.9]
  • Zoku shinpen bunrui shoka shishū : 続新編分類諸家詩集 manuscript of the Shin-penshū [3.8]
© Keio University
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