Skip main navigation

呼吸的需要

video

本影片將介紹呼吸的需要。 呼吸應該要是最先被滿足的一個基本需要,身體的所有細胞都需要有氧,才能有功能及存活。 部分生命器官,如腦、心、腎對氧的需求非常敏感,一個人一旦停止呼吸七分鐘,就會造成腦部損傷;如果停止呼吸十分鐘以上,那可能就會導致死亡。

呼吸是將空氣中的氧氣送入身體每一個細胞,再將細胞裡的二氧化碳排出體外的過程。

正常成人每分鐘呼吸12~20次,且呼吸自然平順、規律、不費力。 如有呼吸短促、容易疲倦、呼吸困難的狀況皆為異常的呼吸徵狀。

本影片中另詳細介紹個案呼吸照顧的技巧,在執行呼吸照顧時,應清除個案呼吸道分泌物、促使肺擴張以達到有像的咳嗽。另外每日建議攝取2000~3000cc水分,充足的水分可以幫助肺部分泌物容易排除。

在痰多、為要除去呼吸道分泌物、增加肺部功能等狀況時,需幫個案進行拍痰的照護。影片中將詳細介紹並示範拍痰方法、照護技巧與注意事項。 學員觀看完影片後多加找家人、朋友進行練習。

This article is from the free online

居家照顧與技巧: Part 1

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education