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The birth of the European Union

Watch Prof. Christa Tobler explain the reasons why Switzerland is not part of the EU.

The origins of the European Union (EU) lie in the 1950s, when six European States founded three European Communities.

On the multilateral level, meaningful European economic integration began with the founding of three European Communities in the 1950s, one about coal and steel, one about atomic energy and one about other economic matters. Switzerland was not among the founding states. Through a remarkable political and legal development, these Communities subsequently developed into the European Union, as it exists today.

We provided some charts to deepen your understanding of EU law and the different Member States in the ‘downloads’ section. You also find a link to the recent version of the basic text of present EU law in the ‘see also’ section.

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Switzerland in Europe: Money, Migration and Other Difficult Matters

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