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Three levels of trust

[Video Description Pending]

We welcome back Enterprise Professor Sandra Milligan as she discusses warranting.

Consider the three levels of trust Sandra described.

<img src="" alt="Levels of trust
1. Classroom level
Shows a level of attainment against verified developmental standards
Formative, useful for teachers and student to shape learning
2. Institutional level
Internally comparable level of developmental standards of attainment, including growth over time
Used in school reports to community stakeholders: students, teachers, school leaders, parents
Useful for student, classroom and school planning and review
3. Credential level
Externally comparable standards of attainment, including growth over time
Used for formal recognition of learning, recruitment, selection and transfer, and school benchmarking.”> Click to expand


  • Consider which level of trust is being applied for assessment and reporting in your current school/organisation.
    • Classroom level – where a teacher is using assessment tools and strategies to gather reliable judgements on the level of performance of student proficiency within their own class. The teacher provides the warrant.
    • Institution (school) level – a whole-school approach where consistency of judgement is coherent and systematised across the school/organisation. Reliable valid and internally comparable with all teacher judgements.
    • Credential level – externally comparable formal recognition.
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