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The final frontier

Hadrian’s Wall ceased to be an official Roman frontier once Britain was no longer part of the Roman Empire. However, that does not mean that Hadrian’s Wall was simply abandoned, …

Facing the enemy: why bother with a ditch?

To the north of the Wall lay a ditch, normally omitted only where the presence of crags and marshes rendered it unnecessary. Its appearance varied from place to place, but …

Timeline: Life on the Northern Frontier

To appreciate the Wall and the people who lived in its shadow, we should place them in time. The diagram below offers a simple timeline of major events in the …

Introducing frontier communities

By this stage you should have a good sense of what Hadrian’s Wall looked like, and indeed, how the soldiers who built it and manned it appeared. So we are …