Skip to 0 minutes and 13 secondsLi Yameng: Lydia, it's time for lunch. Let's go to a cafeteria.

Skip to 0 minutes and 19 secondsLi Hui: I feel lazy today. How about ordering some takeout?

Skip to 0 minutes and 22 secondsLi Yameng: No problem. But before ordering, I need to know what you like to eat. Lydia, nǐ xiǎng chī shénme?

Skip to 0 minutes and 28 secondsLi Hui:Wǒ xiǎng chī huǒguō.

Skip to 0 minutes and 36 secondsLi Yameng: Here, "xiǎng" means "would like to" or "want to", and is followed by a verb like "chī", "to eat", or "hē", "to drink". And do you guys remember the sentence "nǐ jiào shénme míngzi"? "shénme" is a question word for what. You can try to answer the questions by yourself. "Wǒ xiǎng chī" plus food. We prepare some pictures of food we Chinese like to eat. Zhè shì miàntiáo, Zhè shì chǎofàn, Zhè shì huǒguō.

Skip to 1 minute and 17 seconds"Huǒguō" is a kind of Sichuan food, and noted for its peppery and hot taste. Lydia, I remember you are from Sichuan, right?

Skip to 1 minute and 26 secondsLi Hui: Mm-hmm.

Skip to 1 minute and 27 secondsLi Yameng: Do you like "Huǒguō"?

Skip to 1 minute and 28 secondsLi Hui: Of course I do. Wǒ shì Sìchuān rén, Wǒ ài huǒguō!

Skip to 1 minute and 36 secondsActually, "huǒguō" was originally a kind of food eaten by poor boatsmen along the Yangtze River in Chongqing area. We use different kinds of meat and vegetables for "huǒguō". Amy, nǐ xiǎng chī shénme?

Skip to 1 minute and 51 secondsLi Yameng: Wǒ xiǎng chī niúròu, shēngcài, bōcài, dòufu, nǐne?

Skip to 1 minute and 52 secondsLi Hui: Wǒ yě xiǎng chī niúròu hé shēngcài.

Skip to 2 minutes and 4 secondsHere, "yě" means "also" or "too". It is put before the verb "xiǎng". "hé" means "and", and it is used for nouns, verbs, not sentences. Like "wǒ hé nǐ" , "you and I". "niúròu hé shēngcài", "beef and lettuce".

Skip to 2 minutes and 29 secondsLi Yameng: Lydia, Wǒ hái xiǎng chī yángròu hé tǔdòupiàn.

Skip to 2 minutes and 34 secondsLi Hui: Hái ? You want something in addition? But you told me that recently you are on diet.

Skip to 2 minutes and 40 secondsLi Yameng: Come on.

Skip to 2 minutes and 42 secondsLi Hui: OK. I'm just kidding. So if you want something else you may use "hái" and put it before "xiǎng", like "Wǒ xiǎng chī niúròu hé shēngcài, hái xiǎng chī yángròu hé tǔdòupiàn".

Skip to 3 minutes and 4 secondsLi Yameng: Now let's move on to the sentence structure.

Skip to 3 minutes and 7 secondsLi Hui: The sentence goes like this. Let's see.

Skip to 3 minutes and 11 secondsLi Yameng: Subject plus "xiǎng" plus verb plus something. It means one would like to do or want to do something. In fact, "xiǎng" can be followed by different verbs, for example, "chī" meaning "to eat". "hē" meaning "to drink". "zuò" meaning "to do". "kàn" meaning "to look", "to watch". "mǎi" meaning "to buy". And so on so forth.

Skip to 3 minutes and 45 secondsLi Hui: Here are some different drinks. kělè,kāfēi,chá,guǒzhī,píjiǔ Amy, Nǐ xiǎng hē shénme?

Skip to 3 minutes and 57 secondsLi Yameng: Wǒ xiǎng hē kělè, nǐne?

Skip to 3 minutes and 57 secondsLi Hui: Wǒ yě xiǎng hē kělè.

Skip to 4 minutes and 5 secondsJust now we learned how to ask others what they would like to eat and to drink. So in Chinese we can say.

Skip to 4 minutes and 11 secondsNǐ Li Yameng: Nǐ xiǎng chī shénme? Nǐ xiǎng hē shénme?

Skip to 4 minutes and 17 secondsLi Hui: And we can answer in this way.

Skip to 4 minutes and 20 secondsLi Yameng: "Wǒ xiǎng chī" plus food. "Wǒ xiǎng hē" plus drink. For example, Wǒ xiǎng chī huǒguō,Wǒ xiǎng hē chá.

Skip to 4 minutes and 31 secondsLi Hui: Amy, Wǒ yě xiǎng hē chá. So if I also want the same thing, I would just put "yě" before the verb "xiǎng".

Skip to 4 minutes and 41 secondsLi Yameng: If you want something extra or in addition, you can put "hái" before the verb "xiǎng". Wǒ xiǎng chī niúròu hé shēngcài, Wǒ hái xiǎng chī yángròu hé tǔdòupiàn.

Skip to 4 minutes and 56 secondsLi Hui: Now you know how to ask what someone would like to eat and to drink and how to give an answer.

Skip to 5 minutes and 4 secondsLi Yameng: Then you can practise it with your Chinese friend. Zàijiàn!

Skip to 5 minutes and 7 secondsLi Hui: Zàijiàn!

How to ask what someone would like to eat or drink

This video relates to asking others what they would like to eat or drink. The modal verb “想(xiǎng)” means “want to or would like to”, so “想(xiǎng)” is used in the sentence pattern to ask someone’s choice.

audio

Subject + 想(xiǎng) + Verb + 什么(shénme)

“什么(shénme)” was explained this week, meaning what. “想(xiǎng)” can be followed by different verbs,

  • “吃(chī)”meaning “to eat”
  • “喝(hē)”meaning “to drink”
  • “做(zuò)”meaning “to do”
  • “看(kàn)”meaning “to look, to watch”
  • “买(mǎi)” meaning “to buy” and so on, so forth.

The question “你想吃什么(Nǐ xiǎng chī shénme)?” means “what would you like to eat?” We answer this question by saying 我(Wǒ)想(xiǎng)吃(chī)+food

Here is a list of words about food.

  • 面条(miàntiáo) noodles
  • 炒饭(chǎofàn) fried rice
  • 火锅(huǒguō) hotpot

If you want to say “what would you like to drink?”, you can just replace the verb “吃(chī)” with “喝(hē)”. You may need to know the following words about different drinks to answer this question.

  • 可乐(kělè) coke cola
  • 咖啡(kāfēi) coffee
  • 茶(chá) tea
  • 果汁(guǒzhī) juice
  • 啤酒(píjiǔ) beer

Why don’t you tell us what you would like to eat and drink in the comments section?

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Introduction to Chinese: Conversation

Shanghai International Studies University (SISU)

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