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Examples of linking words and phrases

This table shows some common prepositions, conjunctions and adverbs used in academic writing.

Language function Prepositions/ prepositional phrases (come before noun phrases) Conjunctions (join two clauses in one sentence) Adverbs/Adverbial phrases (join two sentences)
Cause/effect because of, due to because as a result, therefore
Opposition despite, in spite of but, although, even though however
Contrast   but whereas on the other hand
Addition   and furthermore, in addition, moreover
Example such as   for example


Here are some more prepositions, conjunctions and adverbs used in academic writing, but this time the words and phrases are not organised by meaning. Make sure you understand their meaning before using them.

Prepositions/prepositional phrases(come before noun phrases) Conjunctions (join two clauses in one sentence) Adverbs/Adverbial phrases (join two sentences)
according to, in terms of, in case of, except for, apart from, instead of provided (that), unless, in case similarly, likewise, firstly, secondly, thirdly, in conclusion

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This article is from the free online course:

An Intermediate Guide to Writing in English for University Study

University of Reading