Skip to 0 minutes and 6 seconds Let’s start this section with some adjectives. “Moai, nij, grut, lyts, lekker, goed.”
Skip to 0 minutes and 20 seconds Here are some sentences from the dialogues. “It is in moaie baan.”
Skip to 0 minutes and 27 seconds It’s a nice job. “In lytse krante.” A small newspaper. “In goed idee.” A good idea. “Hiel grut.” Very big. “Oare moanne.” Next month. Sometimes, we add an extra -e to the adjective; but sometimes, we don’t. First, a situation when we don’t. When the adjective is not immediately followed by a noun, we don’t add this extra -e. Look at the examples.
Skip to 1 minute and 6 seconds “It stadion is grut.” The stadium is big. “De wenkeamer is sinnich.” The living room is sunny.
Skip to 1 minute and 17 seconds “De baan is moai.” The job is nice.
Skip to 1 minute and 23 seconds “It idee is goed.” The idea is good. When the adjective is followed by a noun, the main rule is an extra -e is added, but there is always an exception. When the adjective precedes a de-word, an -e is always added. It’s “de moaie baan” and “in moaie baan”.
Skip to 1 minute and 51 seconds When the adjective precedes an it-word and “it” is used, an extra -e is added as well. “It goede idee.” But when the adjective precedes an it-word and “it” is not used– for example the indefinite article “in” is used instead– no extra -e is added. It’s “in goed idee”.
Skip to 2 minutes and 19 seconds The rule is: a singular indefinite it-word generates an adjective without an -e. Here is another example. “Dat is in grut teater,”
Skip to 2 minutes and 32 seconds meaning: that’s a big theatre. “Teater” is an it-word: “it grutte teater”, because the definite article “it” is used. But “in grut teater”, when the indefinite article “in” is used. Since plurals always have the article “de”, the adjective with a noun in plural use always gets an extra -e. In definite and in indefinite form. It doesn’t matter. So, it is– “De bern, de lytse bern, lytse bern.”
Skip to 3 minutes and 16 seconds –small children. “De foto’s, de nije foto’s, nije foto’s.” New photos.
Skip to 3 minutes and 28 seconds “De bisten, de grutte bisten, grutte bisten.” Large animals. Here are some more examples with it-words and an adjective. “It hûs.” The house. “It nije hûs.” The new house. “In nij hûs.” A new house.
Skip to 3 minutes and 57 seconds “It wykein.” The weekend. “It noflike wykein.” The nice weekend. “In noflik wykein.” A nice weekend.
Skip to 4 minutes and 11 seconds “Noflik wykein!” Nice weekend!
Watch and read: adjectives
In the next steps, you will learn the basics of Frisian grammar. In our view, grammar is a practical tool for structuring the ideas and thoughts you want to express. Grammar is not a goal in itself, but it can be a great help.
You can watch a video with a teacher explaining and reading the examples, and / or you can read the text on this grammatical subject. Choose what feels best for you. In this course, you will only learn about the basic principles and rules.
Here are some adjectives you heard or read in the dialogues.
|It is in moaie baan.||It is a nice job.|
|In lytse krante.||A small newspaper.|
|In goed idee.||A good idea.|
|Hiel grut.||Very big.|
|Oare moanne.||Next month.|
Form of the adjective
In some cases, an -e is added to an adjective.
When the adjective is not followed by a noun, when it is used independently, no -e is added.
|De baan is moai.||The job is nice.|
|It idee is goed.||The idea is good.|
When the adjective is followed by a noun, the main rule is: an -e is added.
|It is in moaie baan.||It is a nice job|
|Oare moanne.||Next month|
In one case no -e is added: when the noun is a singular, indefinite it-wurd.
|it goede idee||in goed idee|
|it moaie appartemint||in moai appartemint|
So, when the noun is a de-wurd, an -e is always added.
|de lekkere pizza||in lekkere pizza|
|de moaie baan||in moaie baan|
Practise with Quizlet
Would you like to practise Frisian grammar? Please visit our grammar section on adjectives on Quizlet (you might like to open this link in a new window).
Do you have any questions about Frisian grammar? Share your comments and questions in the discussion below.
© University of Groningen