Skip to 0 minutes and 14 seconds 1985, Genentech received FDA approval for protropin, which is a growth hormone. 1988, Harvard Mouse was patented by, of course, by Harvard, and again prior to that mammals is not patentable. 1989, genetically modified microorganisms was used to clean up the oil spill. 1989 Michael Bishop and Harold Varmus received a Nobel Prize for discovery of oncogene by the way, when Michael Bishop was a colleague of Harold Varmus at University California San Francisco. In 1990, the first breast cancer gene was discovered. The same year the human genome project was established. And now the project has finished the mapping of human genomes. And on top of that, because the project it has spun off an entirely new disciplinary area which is bioinformatics.
Skip to 1 minute and 29 seconds So continuing with the biotechnology history In 1990, three important event the discovery of first breast cancer gene , the establishment of human genome project and then the gene silenced technique being used in plants. beginning the era RNA interference. 1994, US FDA approved the first GM food, genetically modified food. And this tomato, genetically modified tomato, not only open ripens late but crush resistance. And it provides a great deal of economic value.
A Flurries of Discoveries and Accomplishments
Late 1980’s witnessed some very significant discoveries, from oncomouse to oncogene, from oil-eating bacteria to genetically modified foods. Also of paramount importance is the Human Genome Project which was established in 1990 and completed the mapping of some 20,000 to 25,000 human genes by 2003.
The first oncological mouse for cancer research and the first oil eating microorganism for oil pollution were both patented in the late 1980s. Discovery of Oncogene, a gene that is capable of inducing cancer in animals followed in 1989. Human Genome Project started in 1990 and completed in 2003, to discover the estimated 20,000 to 25,000 human genes accessible for further biological study. Since 1994, genetically modified foods (GMO) have gradually received federal approval for human consumption, and are largely accepted by the general public.