What are seminars?

When you attend lectures, you’re usually with a large group of students, and there’s little or no opportunity for discussion. Seminars however, are small group sessions which give you the opportunity to discuss topics in some depth. These are often related to the lectures, but in addition you may be given work to do beforehand. Depending on your academic field, you might be asked to;

  • read a case study
  • investigate some research
  • read and evaluate a journal article

In all cases you’re expected to contribute to the discussion at the seminar, putting forward your own points, agreeing or disagreeing with the opinions expressed, and asking someone to clarify their ideas if you’re not sure of what was said. Expressing your ideas and opinions orally helps you to clarify them in your own head, and the response you have from other students may give you different perspectives on the topic. In UK universities this process is considered an important aspect of learning.

If you’re nervous about speaking, consider using some to the ideas outlined below, which have been suggested by other international students.

  1. Prepare well – if you’ve an article to read, make sure you do this in plenty of time. Think about the topic – do you agree with what is being said? Make notes of some of the opinions you might like to offer.

  2. Decide that at each seminar you’ll make at least one contribution – even if your heart’s pounding; in this way you can build up your confidence step by step.

  3. Really listen to what other students are saying – sometimes students are so keen to give an opinion they don’t really pay attention to what the others are saying.

  4. If you have to start off the seminar by summarising an article, practise beforehand; pick out the key points, make brief notes, and go through these aloud, to build up your confidence. It’s not the same if you practise in your head.

  5. You might be surprised to know that quite a few home students also find it difficult to speak up in seminars too.


Now that you’ve read the strategies above, why not share your experience.

  • Which of the above strategies have you tried?
  • Can you add any of your own strategies to the list?

Share your answers and ideas to the comments area below and don’t forget to Mark this Step Complete.

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This article is from the free online course:

Study UK: Prepare to Study and Live in the UK

British Council