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Skip to 0 minutes and 14 seconds Now we go to third the important point about a searching strategy and that’s very important as we just mentioned. Approaches of using drug information is very important and we need to actually has good searching skills. And that actually follow tertiary literature and then secondary literature and then finally we go to primary literature. Then if we couldn’t find any data the above three, then we can actually go to check alternative resources such as some news later, internet by google and this is a very important step. Especially when you are actually doing a very professional searching. We need to try to find a best answer from the those resources with good evidence.

Skip to 1 minute and 19 seconds So let’s start to review what are those literature we called it tertiary. And that’s the kind of reference that contains all the information from primary and the secondary literature and those actually has a very briefly introductory review of key principles of practices. So common examples including textbook and that should be some textbook that we called by bible textbooks. Those textbooks has a very good very strong editors and they actually, by their clinical experience they actually abstract the most important results in that area. So it’s starting to review those textbooks and that actually helps you to be on the right track to starting we as clinical treatment. Then some dictionary or encyclopedia pharmacopeia or Hamburg’s that’s also very important.

Skip to 2 minutes and 32 seconds And even though we think those encyclopedia or handbooks there are some that’s very good and has very good reputation, very high authority. And you may actually want to start with those books with a strong recommendations from of our information centers. And some biological literature that has kind of a same function as a textbook including those Clinical practice guidelines and that’s very important that those guideline actually has a good endorsement by some healthcare societies and also has very good frequently revised with good peer review. So that’s very important, for example, J&C guideline for hypertension or NCC guideline for cancer treatment, and and there are such a lot of practice of guideline that very important and prior to your clinical practices.

Skip to 3 minutes and 46 seconds And some online databases including Lexicomp Micromedex also belong to this kind tertiary literature Especially, Micromedex may have some drug consult and those drug consult actually has some abstract yet and also some review. So this kind of function is very important for you to get some good expert’s opinions, and also some good endorsement. And for secondary literature, and this part is including some abstracting resources. For example, Cochrane library or international pharmaceutical abstracts(IPA) or some indexing platforms such as PubMed or Medline and they do actually provide the abstract for the primary literature and has allowed you to identify those literature that you really need to be applied later on to your patient care.

Skip to 5 minutes and 2 seconds And for primary literature, that actually very simple, it’s just any published paper and less original research. So that’s very important when you actually fighting, only original research or original study and want to apply to your patient and you need to carefully look at for your patient really follow and to those including inclusion criteria. So the results can be actually a pride to your patient And those clinical trials It’s so called pivotal trial that’s helping medication being marked and been accepted by FDA. It probably has the highest recommendation for you to review And then when we actually find those results, from all kinds of resources. Then we need to start to evaluate those data that you actually get.

Skip to 6 minutes and 25 seconds And do some evaluation analysis and in thesis and the most two important parts as to evaluate if the quality of the information really good or now information close feet your question that means that fits a situation at your patient encounter.

Utilizing the Search Strategy by using Drug Information Resources

In this video, Prof. Shawn Chen demonstrates step-wise approaches to using drug information resources.

To begin with, the examples of tertiary literature are many, such as textbooks. Besides, J&C guideline for hypertension and NCC guideline for cancer treatment are good biological literature.

As for secondary literature, the examples include the Cochrane Library, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA) and indexing platforms (PubMed and MEDLINE).

Ultimately, any published paper that reports original research belongs to primary literature.

In conclusion, there are two significant parts to evaluate data. Evaluate the quality of the information found, and determine if the information closely fits the question.

Do you have any kind of questions or thoughts? Please leave them below.

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Evidence-Based Medicine in Clinical Pharmacy Practice

Taipei Medical University