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Skip to 0 minutes and 14 seconds In my field in wireless network, there’s a number of high rank journals, almost like IEEE or IEEE Security or IEEE Wireless. So for me, the best source of information related to my topic, I find it in IEEE journals. Google Scholar and to find the cures and to search how many papers or publications are part of this field. And then I will open one paper to find that relation out the paper with my research study. As of now, we find that reference in his paper or her paper and find papers he cited on the relation between these and how it can contribute to my research topic.

Skip to 1 minute and 8 seconds I need to be specific and find out or figure out, OK, so these are the databases where I can get more use of it. So first of all, maybe you can get your experts, or seniors, your lecturer’s knowledge. OK which database should more particularly useful for your own discipline, then you can go on that, rather jumping here there. That will be [INAUDIBLE]. So basically, I use ScienceDirect and I use some of most high ranking journals like, Canadian Technical Journal. And the ASC Library, like that.

Skip to 1 minute and 42 seconds And most commonly, if I can download some papers through the internet– when I find it difficult to download, but I’ve been searching the research gate, then there are some papers that is available for download for us. You could come up with 1,000 articles just from Scopus search, or from whichever a journal or database you’re searching. So it could be ScienceDirect, PubMed, and then, once you have those, you need to go through the abstracts. So what I have done is, myself, I’m going through the title in the abstract and came up with 90 articles.

Skip to 2 minutes and 21 seconds And further, now I’m going to read all those 90 articles, the full text, but those 90 articles are just in the database in Excel, which is requires further screening. And then I will arrive to my full text. What I do is I skim read. I read the abstract and also I read– there are some journals that they have a key highlight of the article, so it can provide you more insight of what the research was doing and what is the finding they had. And I just eliminate the one that I think is not relevant or not similar to what I’m looking for.

Skip to 3 minutes and 4 seconds And then I read the other ones more carefully, so maybe more about the matter because they are– you have to accept that there is a risk of a lot of article is not very high quality. So when you start reading them, they tell you in real life that they are not doing something correctly. And if you read more you’re just wasting your time. True. And then later, I even found some researcher that they– what they’ve done is they only had one experiment, but they write two papers out of that experiment. They just paraphrased– A duplication. Yeah, so I saw duplication.

Skip to 3 minutes and 45 seconds And I was very surprised because those articles show up in Scopus database and also in CBI PubMed’s database when I thought that these database already have the high quality journal. Yeah. So I think I met that situation two or three times. And I even had to ask my supervisor to check it again with me that it’s really a duplication. [INAUDIBLE] the same [INAUDIBLE],, but take a look with me and [INAUDIBLE] paraphrase the work and modify the graph a little bit. So how did everybody find sharing the information and sharing the ideas of their research, helpful and improving and refining the objectives of your research? So do it benefit you? Do find that it’s helpful? Definitely. Definitely beneficial.

Skip to 4 minutes and 44 seconds So the task provided all the information likes it. OK, there are certain techniques, technologies that you can use. And the only thing, let’s say, we are not using these things effectively, and always, maybe sometimes, still people like reading literature on maybe with audio sync and auto, and not something maybe manually do it. So you feel comfortable actually doing it manually. It takes a long time. It takes a long time and it’s– you are not supposed to waste your time on that. You need to waste your time on productive things. So this class taught us there are many ways, many things, to which there are shortcuts which we never ever think of using. So that’s maybe the best part of it.

Skip to 5 minutes and 25 seconds With researchers in one class, I try to share the more techniques we actually excavate and improve our own technique for ourselves. So it helps everyone. And then they ask questions that we even haven’t think of it and sometimes that questions helped us a lot to think of that fact. Yeah. Everything’s related to a collaboration actually. Each question, collaboration. Comes from that, we get new knowledge from our friends. For example, we haven’t seen that before, but when we come to discussion, we get new information. So I think discussion, collaboration is really helpful for our research actually. And you learn to speak to a general public.

Skip to 6 minutes and 13 seconds So these students are from different fields, so we learn how to convince our ideas to the general public. It caused and a lot of practise and also instant feedback from the people. A language, which is more understood by the common public, rather than just the scientific community. And also it’s a great thing that in our class we had a very big variety of people from different areas. Yes. So when we have that variety and diversity, the feedback that we receive, and also the viewpoint we have, is multiple times. It’s not just speaking to the people from your same area. Someone from another area, yet speaking to allow people from a lot of different areas.

Skip to 7 minutes and 8 seconds And the question is– the question that sometimes you never think of before, because you assume that everybody knows that or understand that. So I [INAUDIBLE] in my research, I do look after my first presentation in front of you guys. So you’re saying, “Why that? Why? Why?” And I’ll say, so at first it annoyed me. Actually because I thought, OK, my research is the best research or something like that. And then you question me. Then I thought OK, so they have a lot of questions. So which means, I need to repress my things and everything. [INTERPOSING VOICES] – or spent– – or to rethink as well because some sort of things are not relevant.

Skip to 7 minutes and 43 seconds I want to do research, so it’s a turning point of my life, the presentation. So a lot of changes in there. What are the most vital things in your research? Why people should invest or take interest in your research, is what you should put in the presentation. The detailed scientific formula does not matter because people will not understand. That is going to be in your detailed thesis anyway. So its like you are a salesperson trying to sell your idea to everyone in the common public.

Writing notes

Why bother?

In the video, students are talking about how they found their literature and moved from summarising to evaluating their reading material. As you listen to what they say, think about your own search and selection process, and whether you’re currently just summarising what other researchers have done, or also making notes on what you think about their work, and how it relates to your own research plans.

Adding annotations to your bibliography is a great way to start your writing of a literature review. It’s easier to develop a critical discussion when your bibliography includes many well written annotations, as you have already articulated what you think about the sources and can then quickly compare them – which we will be focussing on next week.

Conversation starter

  • What do you think is most important to note about a publication in an annotation?

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This video is from the free online course:

Research Writing: How to Do a Literature Review

University of Wollongong