Teaching languages with film - some key approaches
Working with film in teaching, like with any medium or supporting object, requires some thought about how to get the best out of the materials. In education, this kind of thinking is about pedagogy - the theory, or sometimes the science, of teaching and learning. We say teaching AND learning, because the two are not always the same. Often what we teach is not the same as what learners take away.
In film education, a number of techniques and approaches have been devised, tested, and shared over the years. In this step we will look at three examples of pedagogical approaches to film, and ask you to write a few lines in response. Do you think they would work in your own education setting? Do they offer advantages or limitations in your view?
The three approaches are:
Basic Teaching Techniques
Cs and Ss
The first set of approaches come from a resource published many years ago called ‘Moving Images in the Classroom’. In this booklet, a group of teachers and advisers came up with eight ‘Basic Teaching Techniques’ (BTTs), designed to help teachers who hadn’t used film, video or TV before in their teaching to make the most out of these media. The BTTs are on pages 7-11, and then on pages 26-28 we show how the BTTs might be used by language teachers.
The second and third set of approaches are from a resource called Ciné-minis. This is a DVD with a booklet and website published by the BFI in 2012, which collected 12 short French films for teachers to use. We have extracted two sections from the booklet. One is called Thinking About Film, which covers the ‘Cs and Ss’ approach, and the other is from the section Teaching with Short Film, that looks at an approach called ‘Tell Me’. Throughout the course we will be drawing on the techniques in these resources and others like them, showing you how they can be applied for classroom use.
Download and read the three documents from the downloads section. Comment on the suggested list of teaching approaches in the comments section - have you used any ideas like this before?
In the next step we will be moving onto thinking about film sound, and how to work it into language teaching.
© British Film Institute