Global problems

Richard Smalley Chemist and Nobel Prize winner

1986 Nobel Prize-winning chemist, Professor Richard Smalley identified what he felt were the top 10 issues facing the world:

  1. Energy
  2. Water
  3. Food
  4. Environment
  5. Poverty
  6. Terrorism & Wars
  7. Disease
  8. Education
  9. Democracy
  10. Population

Smalley stated:

“…what the world needed most was an abundant, low-cost, clean energy; a resource that can raise living standards, desalinate seawater (for crop irrigation and human health), increase food production, restore the environment, and promote global peace, health, and cooperation.”

Smalley believed that solving the energy problem will have a flow-on effect on resolving some of the other problems facing our planet.

“energy is the single most important problem facing humanity today. Solve the energy crisis and you solve all the other problems in the world– water, food, war, and so on. “

Measuring the impacts

In the video below, Sir David Attenborough talks about climate change, CO2 emissions and the role that clean energy must play in our future. The power of exponential change and constantly expanding our ambitions.

“What we do in the next 10 years will determine the next 1000” - Sir David Attenborough

This is an additional video, hosted on YouTube.


Conversation Starter

  • Do you agree with Professor Smalley?
  • Do you agree with his notion that solving the energy crisis will have a flow-on effect for all of the other challenges?

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This article is from the free online course:

How to Survive on Earth: Energy Materials for a Sustainable Future

University of Wollongong

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