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Young person in classroom reading Into Film resource

Creating context

In this step we’re going to look at setting as an important element of textual analysis and we’ll use three of the elements from the 3Cs and 3Ss in greater depth; setting, colour and character.

The choice of location sets expectations for the narrative (storyline) of a film and how characters may behave. It can identify a mood or situation quickly, particularly important in short films, and can help the audience to understand the actions and emotional lives of the characters. The setting provides geographical and historical context for a film or book and determines where the action will play out.

The first shot in a film is often an ‘establishing shot’ which is a wide shot, usually used to show the viewers where the action will take place. This allows us to contextualise the characters within their location.

There are two types of setting:

  • Interior, either an actual location such as a house, or on a specially built set in a film studio.
  • Exterior, either a film studio on a set made to look as if it is outside, or an actual location (which may be used exactly as it is found or adapted to look appropriate for the film).

When examining setting, the time of day in which the scene is taking place, the period in which it is set and the season are all important elements of the atmosphere created on screen. As well as the location, it is useful to examine the predominant colour or colours on screen as they impact both the mood of the scene and our reading of the genre of the film.

In the next step, 1.9, we’ll look at an activity you can do in you class to analyse the setting of a film.

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This article is from the free online course:

Teaching Literacy Through Film

The British Film Institute (BFI)

Get a taste of this course

Find out what this course is like by previewing some of the course steps before you join:

  • Why use film to improve literacy?
    Why use film to improve literacy?

    Watch this short video to discover how and why learning through film improves literacy.

  • Foley sound
    Foley sound

    This step is an introduction to Foley art, and has a video clip with Foley artist, John Fewell.

  • Stills from The Girl and the Fox that show different shot sizes.
    Developing writing through camera shots

    Linking camera shots and positions to still images in this activity, can provide a great writing stimulus in creating narrative.

  • Record and Playback
    Record and Playback

    An introduction to the technique of Record and Playback, a simple but very effective tool for curricular learning.

  • Two images each showing samples of a shoe box set design.
    Shoebox set design

    Making a shoe box set takes your pupils on a filmmaking journey that produces literacy outcomes, and is a great tool for assessment. PDF provided.

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