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The emergence of Zionism

The emergence of Zionism

Prof. Anita Shapira

Since our course deals with the development of antisemitism, our main focus is on the groups and ideologies that brought about the major antisemitic theories and perceptions throughout history. We therefore do not expand on the ways the Jews themselves reacted to antisemitism and anti-Jewish traditions. However, it is important that we acquaint ourselves with one such reaction – Zionism.

What is Zionism and why did it emerge?


  • Avineri, Shlomo, The Making of Modern Zionism: Intellectual Origins of the Jewish State (New York: Basic Books, 1981).‏

  • Laqueur, Walter, A History of Zionism (New York: Schocken Books, 1976).

  • Reinharz, Jehuda and Anita Shapira, eds., Essential papers on Zionism (New York: New York University Press, 1996).

  • Shapira, Anita, Israel: A History (Waltham: Brandeis University Press, 2012).

  • Shapira, Anita, “Anti-Semitism and Zionism,” Modern Judaism, vol. 15, no. 3 (Oct., 1995), pp. 215 – 232.

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Antisemitism: From Its Origins to the Present

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