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Between two world wars

Between two world wars

Between the end of the First World War in 1918 and the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, the European continent went through tremendous changes. During these interwar years, prosperity and hope existed alongside instability and strife, and democracy was constantly challenged, eventually losing out to separatism and Fascism.

How did these massive changes affect the perceptions and treatment of the Jews?


  • Berghahn, Volker R., Europe in the Era of Two World Wars: From Militarism and Genocide to Civil Society (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2009).

  • Brustein, William, Roots of Hate: Anti-Semitism in Europe Before the Holocaust (New York : Cambridge University Press, 2003).

  • Large, David Clay, Between Two Fires: Europe’s Path in the 1930s (New York: W. W. Norton, 1990).

  • Mendelsohn, Ezra, The Jews of East Central Europe Between the World Wars (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1987).

  • Miron, Guy, The Waning of Emancipation: Jewish History, Memory, and the Rise of Fascism in Germany, France, and Hungary (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2011).

  • Overy, Richard, The Interwar Crisis, 1919-1939 (London: Routledge, 2016).

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Antisemitism: From Its Origins to the Present

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