Skip main navigation

Antisemitism in Germany in the 1930s

Antisemitism in Germany in the 1930s

Prof. Dan Michman, Dr. David Silberklang

Once Hitler ascended to power and actual antisemitic policies were implemented, a wave of antisemitism spread throughout the country. Let’s hear more about this and about the anti-Jewish policies of the years leading up to the outbreak of WWII.

What place did antisemitism hold in German popular opinion during this time period?


  • Bajohr, Frank, ‘Aryanisation’ in Hamburg: The Economic Exclusion of Jews and the Confiscation of their Property in Nazi Germany, trans. by George Wilkes (New York: Berghahn Books, 2002).

  • Bankier, David, The Germans and the Final Solution: Public Opinion under Nazism (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1996).

  • Barkai, Avraham, From Boycott to Annihilation, trans. bu William Templer (Hannover, NH: University Press of New England, 1989).

  • Benz, Wolfgang, “Exclusion as a Stage in Persecution. The Jewish Situation in Germany, 1933-1941,” in David Bankier and Israel Gutman, eds., Nazi Europe and the Final Solution (Jerusalem 2003: Yad Vashem), pp. 40 – 53.

  • Friedländer, Saul, Nazi Germany and the Jews: The Years of Persecution, 1933-1939 (New York: Harper Collins, 1997).

  • Kaplan, Marion A., Between Dignity and Despair: Jewish Life in Nazi Germany (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998).

  • Kershaw, Ian , Popular Opinion and Political Dissent in the Third Reich: Bavaria, 1933-1945 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1983).

  • Kulka, Otto Dov and Eberhard Jäckel, The Jews in the Secret Nazi Reports on Popular Opinion in Germany, 1933-1945 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010) .

  • Michman, Dan, The Emergence of Jewish Ghettos During the Holocaust (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).

This article is from the free online

Antisemitism: From Its Origins to the Present

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Reach your personal and professional goals

Unlock access to hundreds of expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates.

Join over 18 million learners to launch, switch or build upon your career, all at your own pace, across a wide range of topic areas.

Start Learning now