Skip main navigation

The concept of the emergency planning cycle

Article providing context for the emergency plan.
© Coventry University. CC BY-NC 4.0
Although there are different models used to prepare an emergency plan, they typically contain similar elements and the approach for development is usually cyclical.

Simple cyclical process

Emergency planning can be described using a simple cyclical process: its implementation ensures the emergency plan is fit for purpose (Dillon 2014: 37).
Figure from Dillon of the Planning Cycle

Figure of eight process

An extended version of this model is given by the UK Cabinet Office (2011: 17).
Figure showing the UK cabinet Office's cycle of emergency planning. The first cycle is titled consult and has four stages: Take direction from risk assessment, Set objectives, Determine actions and responsibilities and agree and finalise. The second cycle is titled embed and involves: Issue and desseminate, train key staff, validate in exercise and in response and maintain, review and consider revision.
Their model describes a ‘figure of eight’ with the top circle aligned very closely to the Dillon model.
The bottom circle describes the process for developing the plan.
Read sections 5.46 to 5.50 of ‘Chapter 5 Emergency planning of the UK Cabinet Office guidance’, which describe in detail the emergency planning cycle.

Your task

Consider what challenges there would be in developing and maintaining an emergency plan using these models.

References

Dillon, B. (2014) Blackstone’s Emergency Planning, Crisis and Disaster Management. 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press
Cabinet Office (2017) ‘Chapter 5 (Emergency planning)’. Emergency Preparedness (revised version) [online] available from https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/ attachment_data/file/61028/Emergency_Preparedness_chapter5_amends_21112011.pdf [8 May 2018]
© Coventry University. CC BY-NC 4.0
This article is from the free online

An Introduction to Emergency Planning and Preparedness

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education