Skip main navigation


Read this article for summary of key steps to make a smocking dress.
This article will cover the essentials of Elastic and Fullness.

Elastic will apply Elastic to Pattern outlines and Internal Lines to shrink or stretch 3D Patterns. Use the edit pattern tool to select pattern outlines or internal lines and in the property editor, you will find Elastic.

The elastic function in the property editor

1. Strength refers to the Elastic resistance. The larger the number, the more it will remain the ratio.
2. Ratio means what percentage it will shrink or stretch.
3. Segment length is the length after shrinkage.
4. Total length is the length of all segments you selected.
5. With the gravity and weight of fabrics, patterns could be stretched longer than their’ 2d length. You can change its elastic ratio to 100% to remain its 3D length identical to the 2D length.

Fullness will slash and spread the selected pattern. There are two fullness tools: Fullness (Point) and Fullness (Line).

the fullness tool

Fullness (Point) will spread patterns at a particular point.

an example of fullness (Point)

1. Click on pattern outline to start, and you get the slash line connecting your cursor and where you clicked on the segment. Click once more to end.

Click to draw a slash line

  1. Click on one side of the slash line or select the slash line to rotate. Right-click while rotating to get the Spread window.

The spread window

  1. Use the smooth curve tool to fix the distorted edges.

Fullness (Line) will spread patterns evenly based on selected segments.

an example of fullness (line)

1. Click on pattern outlines to start the fullness line and click once more to end.
2. Click on pattern outlines to start the slash line and click once more to end. The Fullness window will appear.

The fullness window

© Yilu Li
This article is from the free online

Fashion Technology: A Beginner’s Guide to CLO 3D

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Reach your personal and professional goals

Unlock access to hundreds of expert online courses and degrees from top universities and educators to gain accredited qualifications and professional CV-building certificates.

Join over 18 million learners to launch, switch or build upon your career, all at your own pace, across a wide range of topic areas.

Start Learning now