Glossary of sound terms
- Soundtrack – all the different layers of sound used within a film, including location sound, dialogue, sound effects (FX), Foley sound, and musical score.
- Location sound (also known as production sound or direct sound) – sound recorded during production (filming).
- Dialogue – sound produced by characters speaking.
- Silence – lack of audible sound or presence of sounds of very low intensity, often used in film for dramatic effect or to give the audience a breather after climactic scenes.
- Sound FX – recorded sound added to the location sound in post-production (editing).
- Foley sound – sound recorded live to add to the track to enhance aspects of the sound, eg a door creaking, a wolf howling.
- Musical score – music added to the soundtrack.
- Diegetic sound – sound that comes from the film world; those sounds that you would hear if you were a character in the film world.
- Non-diegetic sound – sounds from outside the film world, that characters within the film world would not be able to hear.
- Contrapuntal sound – sound that contrasts strongly with the image that you see on screen.
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