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Impact of incontinence

Impacts of incontinence for individuals, families and society are highlighted in this article. Reflect on why you think continence care can be poor.
© Association for Continence Advice. CC BY-NC 4.0
The Mid-Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust Inquiry (2013)[1] highlighted that two thirds (22 of 33) of cases of oral evidence heard, raised significant concerns about continence and bladder and bowel care.
Bladder and bowel continence was the area of care singled out for complaint most frequently.
This indicates the importance of dignified continence care to the overall standards of nursing provided.
The Public Inquiry Chair Sir Robert Francis QC said:
‘The omissions described left patients struggling to care for themselves; this led to injury and a loss of dignity…. The impact of this on them and their families is almost unimaginable’.
Reflecting on this information, why do you think continence care was so poor? Share your thoughts with fellow learners.

Other impacts of incontinence

Urinary incontinence is known to have devastating effects on a person. They may feel embarrassed, ashamed, they may isolate themselves and this can cause depression. They may even feel that life is not worth living[2].
People with incontinence in hospital may report feeling lonely, losing confidence and being abandoned by nursing staff[3].
Quality of life in people with incontinence in nursing homes is poor, and those with dementia are affected just as much, despite many staff thinking they would not be as aware or as bothered as those without dementia[4]. Any improvement in severity of incontinence was positively associated with improved quality of life.

Your task

Choose and read ONE paper from the reading list given below and make a list of the impacts reported. These may be physical, psychological, emotional, financial, organisational, environmental and may affect the person, their family members, staff, organisations, institutions and governments. (Note: whilst the majority of the papers are freely available, some are only available via institutional access or a pay wall).
Share your list with your fellow learners.
Don’t forget to capture your thinking in your learning log or portfolio.

Reading list

Paper 1: Aguilar-Navarro S, Navarrete-Reyes AP, Grados-Chavarría BH, García-Lara JMA, Amieva H, Ávila-Funes JA, et al. The severity of urinary incontinence decreases health-related quality of life among community-dwelling elderly. J Gerontol A. 2012;67(11):1266–71. [Cited 26 July 2018]. Accessed from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/gls152
Paper 2: Fultz NH, Herzog AR. Self-reported social and emotional impact of urinary incontinence. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001;49(7):892–9. [Cited 26 July 2018] Available from:https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/66250
Paper 3: DuBeau CE, Simon SE, Norris JN. The effect of urinary incontinence on quality of life in older nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006;54(9):1325–33. [Cited 26 July 2018]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2006.00861.x
Paper 4: Kinsey D, Pretorius S, Glover L, Alexander T. The psychological impact of overactive bladder: A systematic review. J Health Psychology 2016;21:69–81. [Cited 26 July 2018]. Accessed from: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1359105314522084
Paper 5: Orrell A, McKee K, Dahlberg L, Gilhooly M, Parker S. Improving continence services for older people from the service providers’ perspective: a qualitative interview study. BMJ Open. 2013;3:e002926. [Cited 26 July 2018]. Accessed from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002926
Paper 6: Sinclair AJ, Ramsay IN. Review The psychosocial impact of urinary incontinence in women. The Obstetrician & Gynaecologist 2011;13:143–148. [Cited 26 July 2018]. Accessed from: http://doi.org/10.1576/toag.13.3.143.27665
Paper 7: Teunissen D, Van Den Bosch W, Van Weel C, Lagro-Janssen T. ‘It can always happen’: The impact of urinary incontinence on elderly men and women. Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care. 2006;24:3;166-173. [Cited 26 July 2018]. Accessed from: https://doi.org/10.1080/02813430600739371

References

1. Report of the Mid Staffordshire NHS Foundation Trust Public Inquiry. [6 February 2013; cited 24 August 2018]. Available from: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/report-of-the-mid-staffordshire-nhs-foundation-trust-public-inquiry
2. Aguilar-Navarro S, Navarrete-Reyes AP, Grados-Chavarría BH, García-Lara JMA, Amieva H, Ávila-Funes JA, et al. The severity of urinary incontinence decreases health-related quality of life among community-dwelling elderly. J Gerontol A. 2012;67(11):1266–71. [Cited 26 July 2018]. Accessed from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/gerona/gls152
3. Fultz NH, Herzog AR. Self-reported social and emotional impact of urinary incontinence. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001;49(7):892–9. [Cited 26 July 2018] Available from:https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/66250
4. DuBeau CE, Simon SE, Norris JN. The effect of urinary incontinence on quality of life in older nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2006;54(9):1325–33. [Cited 26 July 2018]. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-5415.2006.00861.x
© Association for Continence Advice. CC BY-NC 4.0
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Understanding Continence Promotion: Effective Management of Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction in Adults

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