Development of phobias
- On average, specific phobias begin in childhood, between seven to eleven years old. Most cases start before age ten
- Approximately 5% of children and 16% of adolescents will have a specific phobia in their lifetime
- Girls are more likely to experience a phobia than boys at a rate of 2:1
- Phobias are different from common childhood fears. While young children generally become less afraid of things such as strangers, the bath, or the boogie monster, as they mature, children with phobias typically become more afraid as they mature. Furthermore, phobias rarely go away on their own
- Phobias do not decrease with appropriate reassurance and provision of information. For example, a dog phobia persists despite telling your child that grandma’s dog is kind, has no teeth to bite because it is old, and will not scratch
Anxiety in Children and Young People during COVID-19
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