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Sand fly bite 

Note: this video has no sound. In this video we watch a female sand fly of the species Lutzomia longipalpis (most commonly found in South America), taking a blood meal …

Sand fly behaviour

In the next section, the behaviour of the sand flies will be considered; focusing on their feeding, mating, dispersal and resting behaviours. Sugars are used as food for males and …

Summary of Week 2

What have we learned? During week 2 we have explored in more detail how visceral leishmaniais is recognised and confirmed and how it is treated. We have learned that there …

Week 2 Acknowledgements

Many thanks from the course team. Lead Educators: Vanessa Yardley, Simon Croft Coordination: Markela Koniordou Course content production: Markela Koniordou, Vanessa Yardley Course production: Video (VL diagnosis) production and filming: …

Practicalities to consider (check-list)

Previous steps have covered a wide range of topics, describing best practice in an ideal setting. As Dr Adera describes in Step 2.12, the diagnosis and treatment of VL can …

Diagnosis & treatment of PKDL

In this step, we visit a South Asian (Indian) perspective on the diagnosis and treatment of post- kala azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) with two experts in the disease: Professor (Dr) …

Visceral Leishmaniasis: Complex treatments

When it comes to “special” groups, safety during treatment of VL is crucial[1]. These groups usually relate to factors which will have a bearing on VL treatment such as immunosuppression, …

Treatment of VL in the clinic

Treatment of visceral leishmaniasis in the clinic depends upon a number of factors. These range from the availability of the drug in the country concerned to the existence of resistance …

DAT demonstration video

Direct Agglutination Test (DAT) The DAT antigen consists of freeze-dried L. donovani promastigotes that are stained blue. Suspended in solution, the antigen is mixed with patient serum. If anti-Leishmania antibodies …

RDT demonstration video

Rapid rK39 antigen-based tests (RDTs) are based on the antigen rK39, a recombinant product of a 39 amino acid antigen encoded by a kinesin-like gene of the L. donovani complex. …