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Indicators (Surveillance and M&E)

As we saw in Step 4.2, the routine tracking of a programme’s performance is defined as Monitoring; the periodic assessment of change in a programme is defined as Evaluation; systematic …

Monitoring & Evaluation and Surveillance

In Week 1 we looked at some of the concepts and methods for VL control interventions (Step 1.13). Multiple approaches are needed. A VL programme must be designed to address …

VL surveillance

“A robust surveillance system is an essential component of control or elimination programmes”[1]. VL surveillance and case detection Several types of data are gathered through surveillance. For VL control, surveillance …

Summary of Week 3

What have we learned? Week 3 has focused on the sand fly vector of visceral leishmaniasis, looking at how to identify whether it is transmitting VL, how it feeds, where …

Week 3 Acknowledgements

Many thanks from the course team. Lead Educators: Vanessa Yardley, Simon Croft Coordination: Markela Koniordou Course content production: Markela Koniordou, Vanessa Yardley Course production: Many people have been involved in …

Zoonotic VL 

Throughout the course, we have focused on anthroponotic VL in South Asia and East Africa where the burden of disease is heaviest. Here in this step, we look at a …

Emerging issues in VL vector control 

This step looks forward to potential issues that may arise and have an impact on VL vector control efforts. For example, does climate change have an impact on the spread …

Vector control methods 

In this step, we will look at the key methods for controlling the population of the sand fly, the vector of the Leishmania parasite. Measures will vary from area to …

Vector incrimination 

How can we be sure that the sand fly is responsible for transmitting VL? The process is called vector incrimination. In this video, Dr. Matthew Rogers, explains the steps required …

The vector that spreads visceral leishmaniasis 

This section begins by introducing you to important features of sand flies and their lifecycles. Scientist and expert vector biologist Dr Matthew Rogers will guide you through these and help …