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Summing up

Congratulations! You’ve successfully completed ‘Engaging with Controversies in the Food System’. We hope that you enjoyed the course and that you’ve learnt more about controversies in general as well as …

A consumer’s perspective

Since this controversy affects so many people personally, with respect to their health, we thought it important to include the perspective of a consumer who has experienced beneficial effects from …

A regulatory perspective

In 2006, EU decision makers adopted a Regulation on the use of nutrition and health claims for foods, including probiotics. This video (hosted on YouTube) explains the processes involved in …

Q&A with a probiotics producer

In this interview with Antonio Del Casale, from Microbion, we ask about the legal status of probiotics, how they are developed and if probiotics is a sustainable industry. The full …

The market for probiotics

The European market size for probiotics (led by France, Spain, Italy, and Germany) exceeded USD 630 million in 2017. [1] The traditional probiotic market is dominated by foods such as …

Newsreel: Probiotics

This mock news video introduces the final controversy you’ll be exploring on this course, probiotics: fad or superfood? They are a great example of re-discovering the health-giving properties of food …

A food company’s perspective

Nutella is made by Italian company, Ferrero. It is a delicious ‘chocolate’ spread made of sugar, milk, cocoa, hazelnuts, lecithin (soy), vanillin (an artificial flavour) and palm oil, which is …

Q&A with an action organisation

In this article, Billy Rwothungeyo interviews Frank Muramuzi, Executive Director of the National Association of Professional Environmentalists (NAPE), on the impact of palm oil growing in Uganda. What work is …

A lobbying organisation’s perspective

WWF was instrumental in getting a small number of palm growers, manufacturers (including Unilever) and retailers (including J Sainsbury) to join together in 2004 to set up the Roundtable on …

A government’s perspective

The government of Malaysia considers its significant investment in palm oil over the past 40 years to be the backbone of its narrative of successful rural poverty eradication and national …

What’s the issue?

Over the past two decades, global growth in palm oil production has been rapid and in direct response to ever-increasing demand for palm oil in both the food and energy …

Where does palm oil come from?

The oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis) is native to West Africa and there is evidence of its use as a staple food crop dating back 5,000 years. [IUCN] It was …

Newsreel: Palm oil

This mock news video introduces the second controversy you’ll be exploring on this course: palm oil. The environmental and societal problems caused by palm oil production are making headlines across …

What is palm oil and why is it so useful?

Palm oil is extracted from the palm fruit, which grows on the African oil palm tree (Elaeis guineensis). ©T.K. Naliaka [CC BY-SA 4.0] Palm oil (and palm kernel oil) are …