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The comparison between 刚 and 刚才

Let's have a look at the differences between 刚 and 刚才 today.

Language points

Both 刚 and 刚才 indicate that an action or a situation took place not longa ago; both can serve as an adverbial modifier.

我刚/刚才给你发了邮件。

But if 刚 is an adverb serving as an adverbial modifier, used only after the subject and before the verb, while 刚才 is a temporal noun which can be used either before or after the subject.

我刚给你发了邮件。

刚才我给你发了邮件。

刚 can be preceded by a temporal word, while 刚才 cannot, for example:

我上周刚参加了学校的篮球比赛。

她去年刚结婚。

In a sentence with 刚, the verb can be followed by a word of duration, while 刚才 cannot, for example:

他刚来一会儿。

他刚到北京两天

刚才 can be followed by a negative word, while 刚 cannot, for example:

高经理刚才不在办公室。

Dialogue 3

高老师:听说您跟妻子结婚快二十年了?

李老师:到6月9号,我们就结婚二十年了。这么多年,我们的生活一直挺幸福的。

高老师:我和丈夫刚结婚的时候,每天都觉得很新鲜,在一起有说不完的话。 但是现在……

李老师:两个人共同生活,只有浪漫和新鲜感是不够的。

高老师:您说得对!我现在每天看到的都是他的缺点。

李老师:两个人在一起时间长了,就会有很多问题。只有接受了他的缺点,你们才能更好地一起生活。

好,我们一起回答问题。

李老师结婚多长时间了?

两个人共同生活,只有什么是不够的?

如果你是李老师,请你告诉大家为什么你生活得很幸福。

 到6月9号,我和妻子就结婚二十年了,这么多年,我们一直生活得很幸福。两个人在一起时间长了,会有很多问题,生活中只有浪漫和新鲜感是不够的。两个人只有接受了对方的缺点,才能更好地一起生活。
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HSK Standard Course Level 4: 4.1

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