Skip main navigation

Future tense

Basic verb grammar
Doors into the future
© NTNU

Many doors into the future…

Which door should I open?

Well, in Norwegian that depends on your intentions today.

Remember? In Course 1 we learnt that the Future tense can be expressed by skal + infinitive.

This construction implies that the future action is intended and planned:
Jeg skal reise til Oslo på torsdag. I will go to Oslo on Thursday.
This means that I have decided to travel to Oslo, I have the tickets and I’m going.
But we cannot always be that certain about things, can we?
When no planned or intended future actions are involved, we often use the construction komme til + infinitive (with å):
Det kommer til å bli overskyet i dag. It will be cloudy today.
Du kommer til å like skolen. You are going to like (the) school.
As you can notice, both sentences are projected into the future and there is a fair possibility that those things are going to happen. However, because these are not intended or planned actions, there is also the possibility for the contrary to happen…maybe the sky will clear up and maybe you won’t like school after all…
There is a substantial difference between

Jeg skal reise til Oslo (I have a planned itinerary)

and

Jeg kommer til å reise til Oslo (someday, but I don’t know when yet)

Intention is the key

Future is but a dream. If you want to know which door to open, look at your intentions and actions today.

© NTNU
This article is from the free online

Norwegian for Beginners 2

Created by
FutureLearn - Learning For Life

Our purpose is to transform access to education.

We offer a diverse selection of courses from leading universities and cultural institutions from around the world. These are delivered one step at a time, and are accessible on mobile, tablet and desktop, so you can fit learning around your life.

We believe learning should be an enjoyable, social experience, so our courses offer the opportunity to discuss what you’re learning with others as you go, helping you make fresh discoveries and form new ideas.
You can unlock new opportunities with unlimited access to hundreds of online short courses for a year by subscribing to our Unlimited package. Build your knowledge with top universities and organisations.

Learn more about how FutureLearn is transforming access to education