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Fluid and Electrolytes imbalance : Hyperkalemia

Fluid and Electrolytes imbalance in ESRD: Hyperkalemia

In this step, Prof. Chen explains the causes, the signs and symptoms, and the treatment of hyperkalemia.

To begin with, the causes of hyperkalemia may include excessive load, metabolic acidosis, and some medication, such as ACE inhibitors.

Following that, the signs and symptoms of hyperkalemia include muscle weakness, confusion, and arrhythmia.

As we know, the normal serum kale level is around 3.5 to 5, and we need different treatments to apply to different serum levels.

Actually, potassium is competing with calcium in our heart. Therefore, calcium gluconate will be important for patients to restore normal heart conduction and to protect their heart function. Another strategy is using insulin and glucose to shift potassium back.

Finally, sulfonate can be used for binding our excessive potassium in order to excrete potassium from our body. Kalimate is also commonly used in patients with chronic renal disease.

This article is from the free online

Pharmacokinetics: Drug Dosing in Renal Disease

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