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Battle of Waterloo: Outlawry of Napoleon

Napoleon’s deposition at the end of more than 20 years of war against France in April 1814 had by no means been a foregone conclusion, and it had required considerable …

The settlement of 1814

Following the abdication of Napoleon in April 1814, and the cessation of war with France, the allies were faced with the prospect of settling the peace. It was a process …

Napoleon’s escape and the road to war

The long war against Napoleon was over, and the Allied Powers and France gathered in Vienna to negotiate the peace. Then came the shocking news that Napoleon had escaped from …

The Abdication of Napoleon

This article considers the remarkable conclusion to Napoleon’s great empire with his unconditional abdication as Emperor of the French on 6 April 1814, at Fontainebleau. This marked an end to …
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