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Memoirs of the Battle of Waterloo

How the Battle of Waterloo was described in official communications are far from the only records of the engagement that we have. Soldiers kept journals, made notes and memoranda about …

Accounts of the battle

Battles are a very confused and confusing experience, and historians need to carefully evaluate and combine both official accounts and personal memoirs to build up a complete picture of what …

Up, Guards!

Napoleon seizes the initative and invades the Low Countries, aiming to win a decisive victory within days. Following a series of engagements with the Allied armies, he sees a chance …

Your questions answered

In this video (15 minutes) Chris answers four of the questions you asked – about Louis XVIII, Napoleon’s escape from Elba, the Treaty of Vienna, and the economics of war. …

Extended reading

If you would like to take your interest in this week’s topics further, the books listed below are recommended reading. For some of them, you will probably need access to …

Allied strategy in the Battle of Waterloo

Unlike the French army, which was under the ultimate control and command of Napoleon, and which had been raised in and was situated within France, the coalition forces that made …

Battle of Waterloo: The Hundred Days

Napoleon’s progress through France was rapid and seemingly effortless. His charisma and the connection which many of his former soldiers felt for him was sufficient to persuade them to support …

Napoleon makes his move

Once news reached the allies of Napoleon’s escape from Elba, they formulated plans to provide forces against what they termed their ‘common enemy’ to combat the threat he presented. In …

The Treaty of Vienna

The Treaty of Vienna of 25 March 1815 was the formal agreement of the allied powers — Austria, Great Britain, Prussia and Russia — committing them to wage war against …

Battle of Waterloo: Assembling an Army

Wellington was able to report to Lord Castlereagh on 12 March the immediate plans for mustering the allied forces — once it had been ascertained that Napoleon was in fact …

Escape from Elba

By the end of 1814 Napoleon had begun to consider quitting Elba and raising his standard again in France. The initial novelty and challenge of ruling his island empire had …
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