# Equality, conditional and relational operators

These operators are used in conditional statements to test values against certain conditions. We’ll see more examples of their use in Week 3.

Operator | Symbol |
---|---|

Equal to | == |

Not equal to | != |

Greater than | > |

Greater than or equal | >= |

Less than | < |

Less than or equal to | <= |

**Function:** Equal to

**Symbol:** ==

**Example:**

```
boolean myValue1;
boolean myValue2;
int mBallX = 100;
int mBallY = 100;
if (mBallX == mBallY)
myValue1 = true;
else
myValue1 = false;
if (mBallX == 0)
myValue2 = true;
```

**Notes:** `mBallX == mBallY`

compares `mBallX`

to `mBallY`

and checks if they are equal. Similarly, the statement `mBallX == 0`

compares to see whether `mBallX`

is equal to 0.

**Function:** Not equal to

**Symbol:** !=

**Example:**

```
boolean myValue1;
int mBallX = 100;
int mBallY = 100;
if (mBallX != mBallY)
myValue1 = true;
else
myValue1 = false;
```

**Notes:** Similar to checking equality, this operator checks for inequality. Here because `mBallX`

and `mBallY`

are both 100 and equal, the condition fails; that is the result of `mBallX != mBallY`

is `false`

.

**Function:** Greater than

**Symbol:** >

**Example:**

```
int mBallX = 100;
int mBallY = 100;
if (mBallX > mBallY)
myValue1 = true;
else
myValue1 = false;
```

**Notes:** `mBallX > mBallY`

will return `false`

because `mBallX`

is not greater than `mBallY`

. That is 100 is not greater than 100 (it is equal). If we checked `mBallX > 0`

this will be true because we are checking 100 > 0 in the statement.

**Function:** Greater than or equal to

**Symbol:** >=

**Example:**

```
int mBallX = 100;
int mBallY = 100;
if (mBallX >= mBallY)
myValue1 = true;
else
myValue1 = false;
```

**Notes:** `mBallX >= mBallY`

will be true because 100 >= 100

**Function:** Less than

**Symbol:** <

**Example:**

```
int mBallX = 0;
int mBallY = 100;
if (mBallX < mBallY)
myValue1 = true;
else
myValue1 = false;
```

**Notes:** `mBallX < mBallY`

will be true because we are checking 0 < 100.

**Function:** Less than or equal to

**Symbol:** <=

**Example:**

```
int mBallX = 0;
int mBallY = 1;
if (mBallX <= mBallY)
myValue1 = true;
else
myValue1 = false;
```

**Notes:** Here `mBallX <= mBallY`

will be true because we are comparing 0 <= 1.