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用語集(Week 2)

Week2で使用されている用語をリストアップし、用語集にまとめました。 すべての新しい用語を覚える必要はありません。 この用語集に追加して欲しい単語を見つけたら、コメントに追加してください。

[]内の数字は、単語が登場するStep番号を示します。 (例:[2.3]→第2週のステップ2.3)

NOTE: This is the glossary for Week 2. For Week 1, you can find it at Step 1.4. For other weeks, you can refer each glossary at last step in that week. The PDF version includes the glossary for all weeks.


  • 足利(あしかが) :a city located in Tochigi Prefecture, in the northern Kantō region of Japan. [2.1]
  • 足利学校(あしかががっこう) :Ashikaga-Gakkō, meaning the Ashikaga School is Japan’s oldest academic institution. [2.1],[2.7],[2.11]
  • 闇斎点(あんさいてん) :Yamazaki Ansai’s marking style [2.12]

  • 石田三成(いしだみつなり) :(1560-1600) feudal lord, retainer of Toyotomi Hideyoshi [2.8]
  • 以心崇伝(いしんすうでん) :(1569-1633) monk in Rinzai sect [2.11]
  • 一斎点(いっさいてん) :Sato Issai’s marking style [2.12]
  • 伊藤仁斎(いとうじんさい) :(1627-1705) Confucian scholar, philosopher [2.13]
  • 殷(いん) :China dynasty (17c.BC-1046 BC) [2.3]

  • 江戸(えど) :period of the Tokugawa shogunate (1603-1868), see 1.3 for more details. [2.5],[2.7],[2.8], [2.10],[2.11],[2.12],[2.13],[2.14]
  • 江戸(えど) :modern Tokyo [2.5],[2.13], [2.15]
  • 江戸城(えどじょう) :(J. Edo-Jō), A castle build by Tokugawa Ieyasu in 1457. It was the residence of the shogun and the military capital in Edo period of Japanese history. It is a part of the Tokyo Imperial Palace today and is located in Chiyoda, Tokyo. [2.15]

  • 皇侃(おうがん) :a scholar in the Southern and Northern Courts period of China [2.4]
  • 応神天皇(おうじんてんのう) :legendary 15th emperor of Japan [2.4],[2.5]
  • 応仁・文明の乱(おうにんぶんめいのらん) :(1467-1477) Internal war of the power of the Muromachi shogunate [2.8]
  • 大江(おおえ) :clan in the court and political field in Heian period [2.5]
  • 大阪(おおさか) :biggest city in western Japan [2.5],[2.7]
  • 荻生徂徠(おぎゅうそらい) :(1666-1728) Confucian scholar, thinker [2.13]
  • 尾張(おわり) :modern Aichi prefecture, Japan [2.11]
  • 音博士(おんはかせ) :professor of Chinese pronunciation at imperial university in ancient Japan [2.5]

  • 戒光院(かいこういん) :temple in Hyogo [2.7]
  • 鎌倉(かまくら) :city in modern Kanagawa prefecture; the seat of government between 1185 and 1333. [2.1],[2.5],[2.7]
  • 鎌倉(かまくら) :period (1185-1333), see 1.3 for more details. [2.5],[2.7]
  • 漢(かん) :dynasty in China (206BC-220 AD) [2.3],[2.9]
  • 寛永(かんえい) :era in Edo period (1624-1625). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [2.9]
  • 菅家文草(かんけぶんそう) :Collected Writings of Sugawara no Michizane, early 10th c. [2.5]
  • 閑室元佶(かんしつげんきつ) :(1548-1612)monk of the Rinzai sect, a. k. a. Sanyō Genkitsu [2.11]
  • 関東(かんとう) :eastern district of Japan [2.5],[2.11]

  • 紀伊(きい) :modern Wakayama prefecture, Japan [2.11]
  • 紀伊藩(きいはん) :Kii domain, modern Wakayama prefecture, Japan [2.11]
  • 京都(きょうと) :center of politics and culture for a long time in old Japan, modern Kyoto city [2.5],[2.7],[2.8],[2.11]
  • 清原家(きよはらけ) :one of the aristocratic families specialized in the academic study and reading of the Confucian classics in Heian period. [2.5], [2.9]
  • 清原宣賢(きよはらののぶたか) :(1475-1550) the most respresentative Kiyohara scholar of the Muromachi period, joined the Kiyohara from Yoshida lineage of Shinto. [2.5]
  • 清原教隆(きよはらののりたか) :(1199-1265) a professor of Confucian classics [2.5]
  • 清原広澄(きよはらのひろずみ) :(934-1009) A Professor (Hakase) of letters in the Heian period [2.5]
  • 清原頼業(きよはらのよりなり) :(1122-1189) personal tutor to Emperor Takakura in the Heian period [2.5]
  • 清原頼元(きよはらのよりもと) :(1290-1367) court official [2.5]
  • 清家文庫(きよはらぶんこ) :archive of books of Kiyohara family’s [2.5]

  • 百済(くだら) :kingdom in southwest of the Korean peninsula (346?-660) [2.4]
  • 群書治要(ぐんしょちよう) :Collected Writings on Important Matters of Government [2.11]
  • 訓点(くんてん) :reading marks added to Chinese texts to allow readers to read them in Japanese [2.8],[2.12]

  • 慶長(けいちょう) :era in Edo period (1596-1615), See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [2.5],[2.9]
  • 元和(げんな) :era in Edo period (1615-1624). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history and era names in Edo period. [2.9],[2.11]
  • 元和偃武(げんなえんぶ) :peace after Gen’na era [2.11]

  • 弘安(こうあん) :era in Kamakura period (1278-1287). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history. [2.5]
  • 孝経(こうきょう) :one of the classic Confucian writings in China [2.5]
  • 高山寺(こうさんじ) :temple in Toganoo, Kyoto [2.5]
  • 孔子(こうし) :Chinese philosopher whose ideas and sayings became the basis of a philosophical doctrine known a Confucianism [2.2],[2.3],[2.13],[2.15]
  • 考証学(こうしょうがく) :bibliographical study of Chinese classics [2.10],[2.13]
  • 興福寺(こうふくじ) :temple for the Fujiwara clan in Nara [2.7]
  • 高野山(こうやさん) :the main center of Shingon Buddhism [2.7]
  • 古学派(こがくは) :”Study of Antiquity” School [2.13]
  • 古活字版(こかつじばん) :”Old” movable type editions in early modern period in Japan [2.9],[2.14]
  • 古賀侗庵(こがとうあん) :(1788-1847) Confucian scholar [2.13]
  • 後漢(ごかん) :China dynasty (25-220 C.E.) [2.4]
  • 五経(ごきょう) :Book of Documents, Book of Odes, Book of Changes, Spring and Autumn Annals, and Record of Rites [2.5]
  • 五山(ござん) :five government-sponsored Zen centers in Kyoto and Kamakura [2.1]
  • 五山版(ござんばん) :printed books by Gozan temples [2.7]
  • 古事記(こじき) :Record of Ancient Matters, 712 [2.4]
  • 後藤柴山(ごとうしざん) :( 1721-1782) official scholar of the Takamatsu domain, modern Kagawa prefecture [2.12]
  • 後藤点(ごとうてん) :marking style of Gotō Shizan [2.12]
  • 語孟字義(ごもうじぎ) :Text and Meaning of the Analects and the Mencius, 1705 [2.13]
  • 古論(ころん) :The ‘Old’ Analects [2.4]
  • 金地院(こんちいん) :temple in Nanzenji complex [2.11]

  • 西郷隆盛(さいごうたかもり) :(1828-1877) warrior and politician [2.15]
  • 堺(さかい) :modern Osaka area [2.7]
  • 佐藤一斎(さとういっさい) :(1772-1859) Confucian scholar [2.12]
  • 三要(さんよう) :(1548~1612) monk of the Rinzai sect, a. k. a. Kanshitsu Genkitsu [2.11]
  • 三略(さんりゃく) :Three Strategies of Huang Shigong [2.7]

  • 爾雅(じが) :the oldest surviving Chinese dictionary [2.5]
  • 史記(しき) :history book compiled by the historian, Shima Qian [2.3],[2.5]
  • 始皇帝(しこうてい) :(259-210 BCE) first Qin emperor [2.3]
  • 四書(ししょ) :the Great Learning, Doctrine of the Mean, the Analects, and the Mencius [2.8],[2.11]
  • 四書五経(ししょごきょう) :general term for typical four Chinese books and five classic sutras of Confucianism [2.1]
  • 四書集注(ししょしっちゅう) :see ([2.12]) for more details. commentary on Four Books [2.6],[2.8],[2.10],[2.11],[2.12]
  • 司馬遷(しばせん) :a famous historian of the Han dynasty, China [2.3]
  • 島津(しまづ) :a daimyō family [2.8]
  • 釈迦(しゃか) :the progenitor of Buddhism [2.3]
  • 周(しゅう) :China dynasty (1046-256B.C.E.) [2.3]
  • 周易(しゅうえき) :Yijing, a. k. a. Zhouyi [2.3]
  • 十七条憲法(じゅうしちじょうけんぽう) :constitution made by Prince Shōtoku [2.5]
  • 儒学(じゅがく) :study based on classic thought of Confucius [2.5]
  • 儒学者(じゅがくしゃ) :Confucian scholar, Japanese scholars of Confucianism [2.4]
  • 朱熹(しゅき) :(1130-1200) Song dynasty thinker [2.9], [2.10], [2.11], [2.13]
  • 儒教(じゅきょう) :The philosophy and teaching of Confusius [2.1],[2.15]
  • 朱子学(しゅしがく) :Neo-Confucianism [2.9],[2.11],[2.13]
  • 春秋時代(しゅんじゅうじだい) :period of China ( 770-403 BCE) [2.3]
  • 将軍(しょうぐん) :plenipotentiary commander [2.12]
  • 常憲院本(じょうけんいんぼん) :The Four Books with Collected Commentaries published by Tokugawa Tsunayoshi [2.11]
  • 彰考館文庫(しょうこうかんぶんこ) :library of Mito domain, modern Ibaraki prefecture [2.11]
  • 聖徳太子(しょうとくたいし) :(574-622)politician, member of the royalty in the Asuka period of Japan [2.5]
  • 正平(しょうへい) :era in Nanboku-chō periods (1346-1370). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history. [2.5],[2.6],[2.7]
  • 昌平坂学問所(しょうへいざかがくもんじょ) :Edo shogunate’s official center of learning [2.11]
  • 秦(しん) :China dynasty (776-206 BCE) [2.3]
  • 神道(しんとう) :Japan’s religion, polytheism [2.5]

  • 推古天皇(すいこてんのう) :the 33th emperor of Japan (r. 592-628) [2.5]
  • 駿河(するが) :modern Shizuoka prefecturem, Jaoab [2.11]
  • 駿河御譲本(するがおゆずりぼん) :Tokugawa Ieyasu’s private book collection [2.11]
  • 駿府(すんぷ) :capital of Suruga province, modern Shizuoka prefecture, Japan [2.11]

  • 西晋(せいしん) :dynasty of China (265-316) [2.4]
  • 聖蹟図(せいせきず) :an illustrated biography of Confucious consisting of 104 sketches [2.3]
  • 正長(せいちょう) :era in Muromachi period (1428). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history. [2.5]
  • 整版(せいはん) :woodblock printing [2.9]
  • 斉論(せいろん) :The Qi-version Analects [2.4]
  • 関が原の戦い(せきがはらのたたかい) :biggest internal warfare of the Warring States period of Japan, 1600 [2.8]
  • 禅(ぜん) :one of Mahayana Buddhism sects [2.1], [2.6], [2.7], [2.8], [2.9]
  • 戦国時代(せんごくじだい) :(日本) (J. sengoku jidai) , from late 15th c. (beginning in 1467 when the Ōnin wars started or 1493 when Meiō Coup happened) to late 16th c. (end in 1587 when Sobujirei (peace edict) by Toyotomi Hideyoshi or 1590, the end of Odawara war). [2.1],[2.15]
  • 戦国時代(せんごくじだい) :(中国) period of China (403-221 BCE) [2.3]
  • 戦国大名(せんごくだいみょう) :daimyō of the Warring States period of Japan [2.8]
  • 千字文(せんじもん) :books used to teach basic literacy [2.4]

  • 宋(そう) :China dynasty (960-1279) [2.9]

  • 醍醐寺(だいごじ) :temple in Kyoto [2.5]
  • 大蔵一覧集(だいぞういちらんしゅう) :Digest of the Tripitaka [2.11]
  • daigakuryō: imperial university [2.5]
  • 大名(だいみょう) :feudal lords [2.1],[2.8],[2.10]
  • 高倉天皇(たかくらてんのう) :the 80th emperor of Japan [2.5]
  • 竹中重門(たけなかしげかど) :(1573-1631) warrior, son of Takenaka Hanbei [2.6],[2.8]
  • 竹中半兵衛(たけなかはんべえ) :(1544-1579) famous strategist of Toyotomi Hideyoshi [2.6],[2.8]
  • 橘(たちばな) :clan in the court and political field in Heian period [2.5]

  • 紂王(ちゅうおう) :last king of the Shang dynasty, China [2.3]
  • 趙岐(ちょうき) :(-201) politician, scholar [2.4]

  • 天海(てんかい) :(1536-1643) monk of the RInnōji temple in Nikkō [2.11]
  • 天文(てんもん) :era in Muromachi period (1532-1555). See 1.3 for the timeline of Japanese history. [2.6],[2.7]

  • 唐(とう) :(618-907) China dynasty [2.9]
  • 東京(とうきょう) :capital of Japan [2.1],[2.5]
  • 道春点(どうしゅんてん) :Hayashi Razan’s marking style [2.12]
  • 徳川家康(とくがわいえやす) :(1543-1616) the founder and first shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan [2.8],[2.11]
  • 徳川綱吉(とくがわつなよし) :(1646-1709) the fifth shogun of Edo shogunate, his Buddhist name is Jōken’in. [2.10],[2.11]
  • 栃木(とちぎ) :Tochigi Prefecture (Tochigi-ken) is located in the Kantō region of Japan [2.1]
  • 舎人親王(とねりしんのう) :a son of Emperor Tenmu (r. 673-686) [2.5]
  • 富山(とやま) :modern Toyama prefecture [2.12]
  • 豊臣秀次(とよとみひでつぐ) :(1568-1595) the second senior regent of Toyotomi clan [2.11]
  • 豊臣秀吉(とよとみひでよし) :(1537-1598) warrior and senior regent to emperor [2.8]

  • 中原家(なかはらけ) :aristocratic family specialized in the academic study and reading of the Confucian classics [2.5]
  • 奈良(なら) :ancient capital of Japan [2.7]
  • 南宗寺(なんしゅうじ) :temple in Osaka [2.7]
  • 南禅寺(なんぜんじ) :temple in Kyoto [2.11]
  • 南北朝時代(なんぼくちょうじだい) :period (1336-1392), see 1.3 for more details. [2.5],[2.7]

  • 日光(にっこう) city in Tochigi prefecture [2.11]
  • 日本書紀(にほんしょき) :Chronicles of Japan, 720 [2.4]

  • 博士(はかせ) :scholar or schlarly [2.6],[2.7],[2.9],[2.14]
  • 白氏文集(はくしぶんしゅう) :collection of poems by Bai Juyi [2.5]
  • 幕府(ばくふ) :the samurai Administration who assumes the supreme power person of the samurai family a chief in the medieval or modern period in Japan [2.11]
  • 林羅山(はやしらざん) :(1583-1657) Confucian scholar, a. k. a. Dōsyun [2.5],[2.10],[2.11],[2.12]

  • 尾藩文庫(びはんぶんこ) :library of Owari domain, modern Aichi prefecture [2.11]
  • 平仮名(ひらがな) :syllabic alphabet derived from kanji [2.1]

  • 武王(ぶおう) :founder of Zhou dynasty of China [2.3]
  • 福澤諭吉(ふくざわゆきち) :(1834-1901) samurai, educator introducing Western ideas into Japan, the founder of Keio Univeresity [2.15]
  • 伏原家(ふしはらけ) :Kiyohara family’s branch founded by Kiyohara Katatada in the Edo period [2.5]
  • 藤原(ふじわら) :powerful clan in the court and political field in Heian period [2.5]
  • 武帝(ぶてい) :( r 265-289) emperor of Western Jin dynasty, China [2.4]
  • フランシスコ・ザビエル :(1506-1552) pioneering Roman Cathoric missionary travelling to Japan in the 16th century [2.1]
  • 文華秀麗集(ぶんかしゅうれいしゅう) :Collection of Literary Masterpieces, 818 [2.5]
  • 文之玄昌(ぶんしげんしょう) :(1555-1620) Rinzai-sect monk [2.8]
  • 文之点(ぶんしてん) :marking for Chinese classics for rendering them in Japanese [2.8]

  • 平安(へいあん) period (794-1185), see 1.3 for more details. [2.5],[2.7],[2.13]
  • 平王(へいおう) :king of Eastern Zhou dynasty of China (R 771-720 BCE) [2.3]

  • 松崎慊堂(まつざきこうどう) :(1771-1844) Confucian scholar [2.10],[2.13]

  • 水戸(みと) :modern Ibaraki prefecture, Japan [2.11]
  • 明(みん) :China dynasty (1368-1644) [2.8],[2.9]

  • 室町(むろまち) :period (1392-1573), see 1.3 for more details. [2.5],[2.7],[2.8],[2.9],[2.15]

  • 明治(めいじ) :period (1868-1912), see 1.3 for more details. [2.13], [2.15]
  • 明治維新(めいじいしん) :the recovery of the Imperial prerogatives in the late 19th century which brought feudalisim and the shogunate sytem to an end, and with which began the modernization and industrialization. [2.15]

  • 孟子(もうし) :(372 ?-289 BCE ?) Confucian scholar in Warring States period of China [2.4]
  • 紅葉山文庫(もみじやまぶんこ) :library for shogun established in momijiyama in Edo castle [2.11]
  • 文章博士(もんじょはかせ) :professor of letters at imperial university in ancient Japan [2.5]
  • 文選(もんぜん) :Selection of Refined Writing [2.5]

  • 山崎闇斎(やまざきあんさい) :(1619-1682) Confucian scholar, a. k. a. Yamazaki Ka [2.10],[2.12]
  • 安井息軒(やすいそっけん) :(1799-1876) Confucian scholar [2.10],[2.13]

  • 湯島聖堂(ゆしませいどう) :see [3.13] for more details. a monumental shrine to Confucious [2.11]

  • 六藝喉衿(りくげいこうきん) :a. k. a. Analects of Confucius, The Mouthpiece of the Six Arts [2.4]
  • 林家(りんけ) :Hayashi Razan and his descendants [2.11]
  • 臨済宗(りんざいしゅう) :One of the Zen sect [2.8]
  • 輪王寺(りんのうじ) :temple in Nikkō city [2.11]

  • 老子(ろうし) :philosopher in Warring States period of China and the founder of Daoism [2.3]
  • 論語義疏(ろんごぎそ) :The Annotated Analects, 6th c. CE [2.4]
  • 論語集説(ろんごしゅうせつ) :Collected Interpretations of the Analects [2.13]
  • 論語徴(ろんごちょう) :Commentary on the Analects [2.13]
  • 魯論(ろろん) :a. k. a. Analects of Confucius, The Lu-version Analects [2.4]

  • 和歌(わか) :Japanese poems [2.1]
  • 和漢朗詠集(わかんろうえいしゅう) :Japanese and Chinese Poems to Sing, early 11th c. [2.5]
  • 和邇吉師(わにきし) :a Baekje person in traditions, bringing the Chinese classics to Japan [2.4]

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古書から読み解く日本の文化: 漢籍の受容

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