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DNA CASE STUDY

Perhaps one of the most famous cases of DNA identification is that of the skeletal remains of the last Russian Royal Family: the Romanovs. The Romanov family was the last …

Ancient DNA Analysis

Although based on the same principles, ancient DNA (aDNA) analysis requires extra protection against contamination. Watch this video to learn more about the process of preparing and analysing samples for …

DNA in Forensic Contexts

With the exception of monozygotic (identical) twins, the genetic information of a person is unique and can, therefore, be used for human identification in conflicts, mass disasters or crime scene …

Forensic Archaeology: DNA Sampling

DNA Sampling What bones should be sampled? Teeth and bones are the most environmentally resistant human tissues, and they can survive, even for millennia, when the soft tissues are long …

What is DNA?

DNA Analysis: The Answer to all our problems? Most people know a lot about DNA. Or perhaps think they do from watching crime programmes or from using Ancestry DNA kits, …

Investigating Migration

You are where you eat Isotope analyses of strontium (87Sr/86Sr), oxygen (δ18O), and lead (Pb – various ratios) can provide information on the movements of past populations by identifying individuals …

Application to Forensic Cases

It is tempting to see isotopes as a conclusive method for identifying whereabouts someone was born and grew up because they are a scientific method and provide a ‘number’. There …

Reconstructing diet from isotopes

You are what you eat! Isotopic analysis of carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) is a well-established technique for the reconstruction of human and animal diets in past populations. In teeth …

What is an Isotope?

Stable isotope analysis has had a transformative impact on the archaeological study of humans. Analyses of the ratios of different chemical elements within bones and teeth have allowed archaeologists to …

Skeletal Pathology in Forensic Investigation

Evidence of pathology and trauma on the skeleton provide important information that can help to identify the deceased and can provide possible evidence of the circumstances or cause of death. …

Forensic Odontology: A Case Study

Identification of a Murder Victim The following case provided by Dr Claudia Garrido-Varas (pictured above) will illustrate some of the benefits of dental forensic examination for human identification, using both …

Skeletal Pathology and Trauma

In this section, we’re going to talk about skeletal pathology, so abnormal changes on the bones. As you might expect, this is a vast subject, there have been lots of …

Teeth and Identification

Forensic Odontology Teeth are the hardest structure in the body. As a result, even when preservation conditions are very poor and the rest of the skeleton decays, the teeth are …

Recording Teeth and Dental Pathology

Dental disease is routinely studied in both archaeological and modern skeletons because it is such a rich source of information. Not only can dental disease be useful in helping to …