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Imagery

Mental practice can be performed in a number of ways but one of the most well-known techniques is imagery. Imagery is the mental representation of a specific action without the …

Case study examples

In this activity, you now have the opportunity to put what you have learned about goal setting into practice. Read the case studies of Phoebe, Ibrahim, and Geoff that we …

Time phased goals

While you should always give an athlete enough time to achieve a goal, you do not want to give them so long that the goal becomes tedious. The time given …

Introduction to anxiety

Participating in sport naturally brings with it feelings of excitement and nervousness. Individuals may tense up during competition at critical points or experience sensations like ’butterflies in the stomach‘ days …

What is a case study?

Throughout this course, we will be referring to case studies as practical examples of how mental skills training can be applied. We have selected three examples from very different backgrounds …

Motivational interpretation of self-talk statements

Generally, sport and exercise psychologists have conceptualised self-talk as either positive or negative and motivational or instructional in nature. A number of different factors will play a role in helping …

Applications in clinical settings

As mentioned previously, mental practice is not only an effective tool for helping athletes improve performance, it can also be used to help people with medical conditions that affect their …

Introduction to self-talk

We all have an inner voice (self-talk) that acts as a running commentary on our lives. This commentary can be positive or negative, said aloud or kept within, and have …

Functional equivalence

Many studies have shown us that mental practice can be very effective for improving performance, but how and why does it work? There are a few different ideas but neuropsychology …

Action observation

Another form of mental practice is action observation. Much like imagery, action observation involves the mental rehearsal of an action without any accompanying physical movement. Where it differs from Imagery …