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Summary of Week 2

Well done! You have now completed the second week of this course. At the end of this week, you should have a better conceptual understanding of urban systems and the …

Introduction to Week 2

The second course week introduces you to the concept of urban systems and to the value of urban typologies for better understanding these systems. You will gain a detailed overview …

Using Digital Technologies for Urban Adaptation

In this article, we would like to simultaneously broaden and deepen our discussion about the use of ICT for urban adaptation. First, broadening our discussion means to introduce different types …

Urban Adaptation: Development Strategies

In this article, we’ll introduce you to major development strategies within urban adaptation, in particular the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the New Urban Agenda (NUA), that set a vision …

Urban planning

In this step, you will learn about urban planning processes, outputs and how adaptation to climate change can be incorporated or ‘mainstreamed’ into urban planning processes and strategies. Urban planning …

Barriers to climate change adaptation

According to Eisenack et al. (2012), adaptation to the consequences of climate change has become a necessity globally. However, practitioners, policymakers and scientists encounter many barriers that impede adaptation planning …

Phases of urbanization

Contemporary urbanization is believed to be in the third phase of urbanization, as urbanization in the global south (mainly Africa, Asia, Latin America) surpasses the urbanization rates of other regions. …

Cities as complex systems

As mentioned in the previous step, Christopher Alexander argued that multiple and complex connections and relationships make up a living city. Alexander explicitly invites you to consider the various possibilities …

Thank you for participating

Congratulations! You have completed this course! At this stage, we sincerely hope that you have learnt a lot about how cities can successfully adapt to environmental and climate change. We …

What counts as urban?

We have now conceptualized urbanization as two expansion processes. One of the cities and the built environment, and one of their populations. Both processes can be expressed in terms of …

Risks and urban adaptation

Risks have been closely related to opportunities since the dawn of the urban era. The risk of flooding, for example, is often inherent to the opportunities offered by access to …

Urban Adaptation: Societal Actors

The governance of climate adaptation involves the collective efforts of multiple societal actors to address the risks, or reap the benefits, associated with impacts of climate change. This includes the …