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Black Tudors: The Cimarrons

Who were the free African people living in the Caribbean and South America? When Drake asked Diego how he could help him take Spanish gold and silver, Diego suggested to …

Black Tudors: War, Privateering and Piracy

Records show that Africans living in Tudor England also arrived by a third route from the Spanish colonies in modern day Central America, South America and the Caribbean, or from …

John Hawkins Slave Trader

Who was John Hawkins and what was his role in the trade in enslaved Africans? Understanding Hawkins’s activities is key to the question of to what extent Tudor trade with …

Tudor Trade With Africa: Competing With Portugal

From the mid-16th century onwards, there were increasing opportunities for encounters between Africans and English merchants through the expansion of trade routes. In the Tudor period, we start to see …

The salvage crew of the Mary Rose

A lot of what we know about Jacques Francis the salvage diver comes from a court case relating to the theft of goods from the wreck of a merchant ship …

John Blanke: Historian Perspectives and Theories

In the previous activities we started to explore some of the original primary sources which provide evidence about the life of John Blanke Course contributor Michael Ohajuru’s John Blanke Project …

Were There Africans in Tudor England?

Evidence has been found of more than two hundred people of African origin or descent living in Britain during the Tudor period (1485-1603). These ‘Black Tudors’ and ‘Black Stuarts’ were …

Black Tudors: The Somerset Case

In this article, we look at how ideas such as ‘Free Soil’ and ‘Pure Air’ continued to be significant in the 18th Century in the period of British colonial enslavement. …

Black Tudors: John Anthony’s Story

The year 1619, when the Silver Falcon left Dover for Virginia, is particularly significant in Black History. It was in August that year that the first enslaved Africans arrived in …

The Inventory of Cattelena’s Possessions

Who was Cattelena of Almondsbury? What we know about Cattelena comes from the inventory record of her possessions which she left after her death in 1625. In her inventory Cattelena …

Visual Sources: Looking at Portraits

Although we have a remarkably detailed written ‘portrait’ of Mary Fillis in her baptism record, there are no visual portraits of Mary Fillis or of other Black Tudor women. As …

Black Tudors: Who Was Anne Cobbie?

Who was Anne Cobbie? We glimpse Anne Cobbie in a 1626 Court Case recorded in the Westminster Court of Session Records, when a witness testified: “There is one Anne Cobbie …